References for intention not to retain Neurasthenia for ICD-11

Post #319 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-439

When ICD-10 was completed in 1992, Chapter V Mental and behavioural disorders retained the disorder category term, Neurasthenia, coded at F48.0.

This is how Neurasthenia is listed within ICD-10: F48.0 Neurasthenia (with Fatigue syndrome as inclusion term).

 

Neurasthenia and ICD-10-CM

The forthcoming U.S. specific ICD-10-CM inherits Neurasthenia in Chapter 5 Mental, Behavioral and Neurodevelopmental disorders (F01–F99). But here, it is coded under F48.8, owing to the different coding arrangement for the F48–F48.9 entities within ICD-10-CM.

This is how Neurasthenia is listed in the ICD-10-CM Tabular List release for FY 2015*

Neurasthenia ICD-10-CM

*Although the FY 2015 ICD-10-CM is now available for public download and viewing, the codes in ICD-10-CM are not currently valid for any purpose or use until implementation date is reached.

Neurasthenia and DSM

There was no discrete category for Neurasthenia within DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR nor within DSM-5, which published in May 2013.

 

Neurasthenia and ICD-11 and ICD-11-PHC

I reported in 2012 that for ICD-11 and ICD-11-PHC, the intention is not to retain Neurasthenia.

Here are the references:

Creed F, Gureje O. Emerging themes in the revision of the classification of somatoform disorders. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2012 Dec;24(6):556-67. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23244611 [Full text behind paywall]

On Page 563 of this review paper, the authors state that a major highlight of the proposals of the ICD-11 Expert Working Group on Somatic Distress and Dissociative Disorders (the S3DWG sub working group) for the revision of the ICD-10 Somatoform disorders is that of subsuming all of the ICD-10 categories of F45.0–F45.9 and F48.0 under a single category with the proposed name of “Bodily distress disorder” (BDD).

For ICD-11-PHC (the abridged version of ICD for use in primary care and low resource settings), it is also the intention not to retain the primary care disorder category F48 Neurasthenia.

Here are the references for the primary care version:

International Psychiatry, Issue 1 Feb 2011, Royal College of Psychiatrists
http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/IPv8n1.pdf

Page1: Box 1 The 26 conditions included in ICD10-PHC

F45 Unexplained somatic complaints*
F48 Neurasthenia*

*Not to be included in ICD11-PHC

Neurasthenia Box 1

See also:

Goldberg DP. Comparison between ICD and DSM diagnostic systems for mental disorders.
In: Sorel E, ed. 21st Century Global Mental Health. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2012:37-53.
Sample Chapter 2: http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449627874/Chapter2.pdf
Publication date: August, 2012: http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449627874/

See Page 51: Table 2.5 The 28 Disorders Proposed for ICD11-PHC

Note: If you compare the list of proposed disorders for the ICD-11 primary care version, as listed in the February 2011 International Psychiatry article (on Page 2, Box 2 The 28 disorders to be field tested for ICD11-PHC), with Table 2.5, above, you will note that some proposed disorder names, disorder groupings and disorder group headings have been revised since the article in International Psychiatry. Prof Goldberg has clarified that the iteration published in the sample book chapter was the more recent of the two, cf:

February 2011 iteration:

Body distress disorders

16 Bodily distress syndrome (new – was unexplained somatic complaints)
17 Health preoccupation (new)
18 Conversion disorder (was dissociative disorder)

 

Sample chapter (2012) iteration:

Body distress disorders

15 Bodily stress syndrome
16 Acute stress reaction
17 Dissociative disorder
18 Self-harm

This list of disorder proposals and groupings may have undergone further revision since publication of 21st Century Global Mental Health. But no progress reports have emerged on behalf of the Primary Care Consultation Group (PCCG) setting out more recent proposals for their “Bodily stress syndrome” construct since the Lam et al (July 2012) paper [1].

The disorder term and construct that is entered into the ICD-11 Beta draft and defined with three severities, is the S3DWG group’s conceptually different, but similarly named construct, Bodily distress disorder (BDD).

The ICD-11 S3DWG group is advising ICD Revision in parallel with the PCCG on a potential replacement for the ICD-10 Somatoform disorders.

It is the case, however, that some professional and consumer stakeholders are unaware that are two groups advising on the revision of the Somatoform disorders, that there have been two sets of proposals presented, or how they differ in conceptualization.

Four revised definition texts were submitted to the Proposals List on behalf of Mental Health TAG for “Bodily distress disorder (BDD)” on January 9–11, which will be the subject of a future post.

 

Further evidence of intention for Neurasthenia and ICD-11

In mid 2012, Neurasthenia was removed from the ICD-11 Beta draft and subsumed (along with the F45.0–F45.9 category terms) by the S3DWG’s new single diagnostic category, “Bodily distress disorder.”

However, a couple of redundant listings for Neurasthenia as an exclusion term remained in the Beta draft as legacy text from ICD-10, under Exclusions to Fatigue (Symptoms and signs chapter) and Generalized anxiety disorder (Mental and behavioural disorders chapter).

The deletion of Neurasthenia as an exclusion term to Fatigue has now been attended to.

The following proposal has been submitted via the Proposals facility on behalf of Mental Health TAG to address the legacy listing that remains under Generalized anxiety disorder and this provides additional and contemporary evidence of intention not to retain Neurasthenia as a disorder term for ICD-11:

Proposals List

Content Enhancement Proposal

Exclusion to Generalized anxiety disorder

neurasthenia

Submitted

Neurasthenia is not recommended for retention as a disorder category in ICD-11. Therefore, this exclusion term is not longer necessary.

–On behalf of Mental Health TAG

Geoffrey Reed 2015-Jan-09 – 10:09 UTC

 

References

1 Lam TP, Goldberg DP, Dowell AC, Fortes S, Mbatia JK, Minhas FA, Klinkman MS: Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: an international focus group study. Fam Pract Feb 2013 [Epub ahead of print July 2012]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22843638. Full free text: http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/30/1/76.long

ICD-11 revision process: External assessment now due April 1

Post #317 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-42A

This post is the first in a series of updates on the ICD-11 revision process.

Last July, in Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process, I reported that the World Health Organization (WHO) Office of the Assistant Director General, Health Systems and Innovation had posted a call for expressions of interest from suitable contractors to conduct an interim assessment of the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

Lead time was four months, with the completed final report targeted for submission to WHO by December 15, latest.

With no sign of a report in the offing, I asked WHO’s Bedirhan Üstün, last week, whether an interim assessment had been delivered in December and did WHO intend to publish a summary report.

Dr Üstün confirmed on January 10 that the external report will now be delivered by April 1 and that it “will certainly be made available.”

So the delivery of this interim assessment has slipped targets by some 15 weeks.

I have no information about the contractors who successfully pitched for the review and no date by which WHO aims to release a copy of the report’s findings (or summary of key findings).

The Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process Terms of Reference document can still be downloaded from the WHO website, here:

or open, here, on Dx Revision Watch:

Click link for PDF document  Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process

ICD-11 Beta drafting platform

Go here for the public version of the ICD-11 Beta drafting platform.

According to Slide #4 of this WHO presentation on Slideshare, the Joint Linearization for Mortality and Morbidity and Statistics (JLMMS) was expected to be frozen at certain points during the review process.

If you are registered with the public Beta platform for increased access and interaction with the draft, there are dropdowns from the Info tab for Downloads and Frozen Releases, eg:

Linearization Print Versions

Simplified Linearization Outputs

Linearization Index Tabulations

Frozen Releases

You may find the frozen release downloads here

 

When viewing the ICD-11 Beta drafting platform bear in mind that the platform may still be subject to freeze and more recent proposals will have been made across all chapters.

From the Contributions tab, you can pull up the Proposals pages for specific terms or view the Proposals List. New proposals are added on a daily basis and date back to July 2014.

Proposals can be filtered according to Proposal Status (Saved; Submitted; External Review, Accepted, Implemented, Rejected etc.) or filtered by Proposal Type.

Before scrutinizing or quoting from the public version of the Beta draft, I strongly advise that you first check the Proposals List for more recent revisions since the public Beta drafting platform may not display the most recent proposals.

You may find later proposals for revisions to the text of definitions and other Content Model descriptors; additions or deletions to Inclusions, Exclusions, Synonyms; deletions or additions of entities; revisions to terminology; proposals for complex hierarchical changes etc. Please also read these Caveats.

Caveats: The ICD-11 Beta drafting platform is not a static document: as a work in progress, it is subject to daily edits and revisions, to field test evaluation and to approval by ICD Revision Steering Group and WHO classification experts. Not all new proposals may survive internal/external review or field testing. Chapter numbering, codes and sorting codes currently assigned to ICD categories may change as chapters, entities, content and parent/child hierarchies are reorganized. The public version of the Beta draft is incomplete; not all “Content Model” parameters display or are populated; the draft may contain errors and omissions of categories and Index terms.

 

Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process

Post #312 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3Yw

(If the consulting team that secures the ICD Revision interim assessment contract extends their outreach to include analysis of advocate stakeholder views and experience of interacting with the revision process, I shall be happy to discuss key concerns.)

The World Health Organization (WHO) Office of the Assistant Director General, Health Systems and Innovation, has posted a call for expressions of interest from suitable contractors to conduct an interim assessment of the 11th Revision for International Classification of Disease (ICD).

Deadline for expressions of interest is July 31, 2014. Following the selection process, WHO will inform the contracted party by 15 August 2014.

Lead time is four months

Target date for the completed first draft of the deliverable is by 10 October 2014. Due date for the completed final product submitted to WHO will be 15 December 2014 latest.

“WHO keeps the right to publicize the report and its contents as a whole or in parts.”

+++

Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process

+++
Terms of Reference:

Review of

WHO’s Revision Process
for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)

Request for Expressions of Interest

+++
Table of Contents

(…)

1. INTRODUCTION

WHO Office of the Assistant Director General, Health Systems and Innovation, solicits expressions of interest from a suitable Contractor(s) to conduct an interim assessment of the 11th Revision for International Classification of Disease (ICD) to carry out the following work:

1.1 Objective of the Request

WHO Office of the Assistant Director General, Health Systems and Innovation, solicits expressions of interest from a suitable Contractor(s) to carry out the following work:

1. Conduct an interim assessment of the 11th Revision for International Classification of Disease (ICD) in terms of:

Progress towards the goals of the Revisions
• Process and mechanisms put in place for the ICD revision
Project resources (financial & human) in relation to the proposed outcomes of the revision
• Project Plans and proposed timeline for the completion of ICD 11 for 2017
• Organization for maintenance and updates of ICD beyond 2017

2. Analyze the relevance and effectiveness of the planned features of ICD 11 in meeting the needs of the key stakeholders in WHO Member States including its:

a. Use in Mortality statistics – e.g. Cause of Death statistics, Verbal Autopsy, others…
b. Use in Morbidity statistics – e.g. Discharge summaries, Case-mix groupings, others…
c. Use in Primary Care – in low and intermediate resource settings…
d. Use in Clinical Care – for diagnosis, guidance, quality and safety indicators
e. Use in Scientific Research for epidemiology, genetic studies and other

3. Compile an assessment report summarizing the findings and making recommendations for improvement.

Potential contractors are requested to state the reason why they consider themselves suitable for this work and explain how they will respond to the requirements stated in this request with (a) a proposed draft work plan; (b) timeline; (c) budget with annotation.

1.2 Deadline for Expressions of Interest

Expressions of interest must be submitted on or before July 31, 2014 in order to be considered. The description of the contracting agency and curriculum vitae of the proposed team members, and proposed methods for assessment and timeline should be attached to the expressions of interest (see also 2.3). A point of contact for inquiries should be identified. WHO may contact the parties for further clarification. WHO will inform the contracted party following the selection process by 15 August 2014.

(…)

+++
Full document here:

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/en/

or open PDF on Dx Revision Watch here:

Click link for PDF document  Call for Expressions of Interest to review the ICD revision process

 

Annex I to this document (Page 12) contains a Summary of the ICD Revision Process

“This document summarizes the ICD Revision Process, in particular, in terms of the timelines for the finalization date and submission to WHO Governing Bodies. Following various consultations with the WHO Member States and relevant international stakeholders, it was decided decided to postpone the submission to WHA to 2017 May in various consultations with the WHO Member States and relevant international stakeholders taking into account [sic]*: the developmental stage of ICD 2013 Beta, and allowing for reasonable time to complete the remaining tasks: reviews; additional proposals; field trials; translations; and the transition preparations.”

Section 2 (Page 23) sets out ICD Revision Process: Tasks for Beta Phase and Finalization 2013-2017

Annex II contains The Detailed List of Multiple Stakeholders to be contacted

*I guess no-one at WHO reviewed and edited this document before posting it?

Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: an international focus group study

Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: an international focus group study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]

Post #196 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2pp

This paper, published on July 28, discusses field testing of two proposed categories for the forthcoming Primary Care version of ICD-11, “anxious depression” and “bodily stress syndrome (BSS)”.

“Bodily stress syndrome (BSS)” is currently proposed to replace ICD10-PHC’s “F45 Unexplained somatic complaints” which is the equivalent to ICD-10’s “F45 Somatoform Disorders” section.

For ICD11-PHC, it is proposed not to include the discrete category “Neurasthenia,” which would be subsumed under another category.

+++
Full text, subscription required:

Family Practice (2012) doi: 10.1093/fampra/cms037

First published online: July 28, 2012

http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/07/20/fampra.cms037.long

http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/07/20/fampra.cms037.full.pdf+html

Abstract

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22843638

Lam TP, Goldberg DP, Dowell AC, Fortes S, Mbatia JK, Minhas FA, Klinkman MS

Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: an international focus group study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]

Fam Pract 2012 Jul 28.

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization is revising the primary care classification of mental and behavioural disorders for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11-Primary Health Care (PHC)) aiming to reduce the disease burden associated with mental disorders among member countries.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the opinions of primary care professionals on proposed new diagnostic entities in draft ICD-11-PHC, namely anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome (BSS).

METHODS: Qualitative study with focus groups of primary health-care workers, using standard interview schedule after draft ICD-11-PHC criteria for each proposed entity was introduced to the participants.

RESULTS: Nine focus groups with 4-15 participants each were held at seven locations: Austria, Brazil, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Pakistan, Tanzania and United Kingdom. There was overwhelming support for the inclusion of anxious depression, which was considered to be very common in primary care settings. However, there were concerns about the 2-week duration of symptoms being too short to make a reliable diagnosis. BSS was considered to be a better term than medically unexplained symptoms but there were disagreements about the diagnostic criteria in the number of symptoms required.

CONCLUSION: Anxious depression is well received by primary care professionals, but BSS requires further modification. International field trials will be held to further test these new diagnoses in draft ICD-11-PHC.

+++

Notes and related posts:

ICD10-PHC (the Primary Care version of ICD-10, which is sometimes written as ICD-10 PHC or ICD-10-PHC or ICD-10 PC), is a simplified version of the WHO’s ICD-10 for use in general practice and primary health care settings. This condensed classification system has rough but not exact equivalence to the main ICD-10 classifications.

For example, the ICD10-PHC mental and behavioural disorders chapter lists and describes 25 disorders commonly managed within primary care as opposed to circa 450 classified within Chapter V of ICD-10.

Click here for a chart showing the grouping of categories adapted from the full ICD-10 version for the existing ICD10-PHC mental health categories

Professor, Sir David Goldberg, M.D., Emeritus Professor, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College, London, is a member of the DSM-5 Mood Disorders Work Group. Prof Goldberg also chairs the Consultation Group for Classification in Primary Care that is making recommendations for the mental and behavioural disorders section of ICD11-PHC.

Other members of the ICD11-PHC Consultation Group include Michael Klinkman (GP, United States; Vice Chairman); Sally Chan (nurse, Singapore), Tony Dowell (GP, New Zealand) Sandra Fortes (psychiatrist, Brazil), Linda Gask (psychiatrist, UK), KS Jacob (psychiatrist, India), Tai-Pong Lam (GP, Hong Kong), Joseph Mbatia (psychiatrist, Tanzania), Fareed Minhas (psychiatrist, Pakistan), Marianne Rosendal (GP, Denmark), assisted by WHO Secretariat Geoffrey Reed and Shekhar Saxena.

The majority of patients with mental health problems are diagnosed and managed by general practitioners in primary care – not by psychiatrists and mental health specialists. ICD10-PHC is used in developed and developing countries in general medical settings and also used in the training of medical officers, nurses and multi purpose health workers.

See also Page 3 of this report:

Changes to ICD-11 Beta drafting platform: Bodily Distress Disorders (1)

Page 3, including Update at July 9: Second list of proposals for ICD11-PHC

Further information on ICD10-PHC and proposals for the mental health disorders section of ICD11-PHC can be found in these two documents:

1] Goldberg, D. Guest editorial. A revised mental health classification for use in general medical settings: the ICD11–PHC 1. International Psychiatry, Page 1, February 2011.

http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/IPv8n1.pdf

Note: The list of proposed categories in the editorial above has been superseded by the list in Chapter 2 of this book, below. (Source: Prof D Goldberg, who stresses these are draft proposals and subject to revision in the light of field trial results).

2] 21st Century Global Mental Health by Dr Eliot Sorel, Professor, George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Publication date: August, 2012: http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449627874/

Page 51, Sample Chapter 2: http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449627874/Chapter2.pdf

Round up: ICD11-PHC, ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders, Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders, ASHA DSM-5 comments

Round up: ICD11-PHC; ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders; Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders; ASHA DSM-5 comments

1] Paper: The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings By David P. Goldberg, James J. Prisciandaro, Paul Williams

2] The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed), World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

3] Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11 By Shekhar Saxena, Patricia Esparza, Darrel A. Regier, Norman Sartorius

4] Submissions to DSM-5 public reviews for drafts one, two and three by The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Post #195 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2pa

This post relates to the World Health Organization’s ICD-11 and ICD11-PHC (Primary Care version), both currently under development. It does not apply to the existing ICD-10, ICD10-PHC or to the forthcoming US specific “clinical modification” of ICD-10, known as ICD-10-CM.

Note on ICD10-PHC and ICD11-PHC

The ICD10-PHC (Primary Care version) is a simplified version of the WHO’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) for use in general practice and primary health care settings. This condensed classification system has rough but not exact equivalence to the main ICD-10 classification.

For example, the ICD10-PHC mental and behavioural disorders chapter lists and describes 25 disorders commonly managed within primary care as opposed to circa 450 classified within Chapter V of ICD-10.

A chart showing the grouping of categories adapted from the full ICD-10 version for the existing ICD10-PHC categories can be found here.

The revision of ICD10-PHC, ICD11-PHC, is currently under development.

Professor, Sir David Goldberg, M.D., Emeritus Professor, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College, London, is a member of the DSM-5 Mood Disorders Work Group. Prof Goldberg also chairs the Consultation Group for Classification in Primary Care that is making recommendations for the mental and behavioural disorders section of ICD11-PHC.

The majority of patients with mental health problems are diagnosed and managed by general practitioners in primary care – not by psychiatrists and mental health specialists. ICD10-PHC is used in developed and developing countries in general medical settings and also used in the training of medical officers, nurses and multi purpose health workers.

Further information on ICD10-PHC and the development of the mental health disorders section of ICD11-PHC can be found in these two documents:

1] Goldberg, D. Guest editorial. A revised mental health classification for use in general medical settings: the ICD11–PHC 1. International Psychiatry, Page 1, February 2011.
http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/IPv8n1.pdf

2] 21st Century Global Mental Health by Dr Eliot Sorel, Professor, George Washington University, Washington D.C.
Publication date: August, 2012: http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449627874/
Page 51, Sample Chapter 2: http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449627874/Chapter2.pdf

ICD Revision publishes the names and bios of members of the ICD-11 Revision Steering Group, ICD-11 Topic Advisory Groups, and International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders.

But membership of the various sub working groups to the Topic Advisory Groups (TAGs), the names of external peer reviewers recruited by TAG Managing Editors for reviewing proposals and content and the membership of the advisory/consultation groups for the revision of the ICD Primary Care version have not been published by ICD-11 Revision.

The Abstract below lists members of the (WHO) Primary Care Consultation Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders.

1] Paper: The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings

http://www.ghpjournal.com/article/S0163-8343(12)00197-1/abstract

The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings

26 July 2012

David P. Goldberg, James J. Prisciandaro, Paul Williams

David P. Goldberg
Affiliations Primary Care Consultation Group, World Health Organization; and Institute of Psychiatry, KCL, London, UK

James J. Prisciandaro
Affiliations Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston SC, USA
Corresponding author.

Paul Williams
Affiliations Health Services & Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, KCL, London, UK

Received 31 January 2012; accepted 19 June 2012. published online 26 July 2012.
Corrected Proof

Abstract

Background

The primary health care version of the ICD-11 is currently being revised.

Aim
To test two brief sets of symptoms for depression and anxiety in primary care settings, and validate them against diagnoses of major depression and current generalised anxiety made by the CIDI.

Method
The study took place in general medical or primary care clinics in 14 different countries, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview adapted for primary care (CIDI-PC) in 5,438 patients. The latent structure of common symptoms was explored, and two symptom scales were derived from item response theory (IRT), these were then investigated against research diagnoses.

Results
Correlations between dimensions of anxious, depressive and somatic symptoms were found to be high. For major depression the 5 item depression scale has marked superiority over the usual 2 item scales used by both the ICD and DSM systems, and for anxiety there is some superiority. If the questions are used with patients that the clinician suspects may have a psychological disorder, the positive predictive value of the scale is between 78 and 90%.

Conclusion
The two scales allow clinicians to make diagnostic assessments of depression and anxiety with a high positive predictive value, provided they use them only when they suspect that a psychological disorder is present.

This article is partly based on the work of the World Health Organization (WHO) Primary Care Consultation Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders, of which the first author is Chair. Other members of the group include Michael Klinkman (GP, United States; Vice Chairman); Sally Chan (nurse, Singapore), Tony Dowell (GP, New Zealand) Sandra Fortes (psychiatrist, Brazil), Linda Gask (psychiatrist, UK), KS Jacob (psychiatrist, India), Tai-Pong Lam (GP, Hong Kong), Joseph Mbatia (psychiatrist, Tanzania), Fareed Minhas (psychiatrist, Pakistan), Marianne Rosendal (GP, Denmark), assisted by WHO Secretariat Geoffrey Reed and Shekhar Saxena. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and, except as specifically noted, are not intended to represent the official policies and positions of the Primary Care Consultation Group or of the WHO.

Competing interests: David Goldberg is a consultant for Ultrasis and advises the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association.

James Prisciandaro and Paul Williams have no competing interests

PII: S0163-8343(12)00197-1

doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.06.006

+++
2] The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed), World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

The PDF of this publication is free.

Note regarding references within these commentaries to DSM-5 proposals: Some of these commentaries were written prior to the release of the third DSM-5 draft for public review, in May 2012, and quote draft proposals as they had stood for the second draft.

For example, the commentary Hypochondriasis in ICD-11 by D.J. Stein, on Page 100, sets out in narrative form the DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder Work Group proposals and criteria for Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder as they had stood in May 2011 and are not the most recent iteration.

DSM-5 proposals have not been finalized. Proposals as they stood in May 2012 for the third and final public review may be subject to further change before DSM-5 is published in May 2013. Please refer to the DSM-5 Development website for the most recent proposals and criteria sets for the categories and proposed categories that are discussed in these commentaries.

http://www.wpanet.org/uploads/WPA-WHO_Collaborative_Activities/WP_ICD-11%20Supplement.pdf

July 2012

The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed) World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

Contents

The development of the ICD-11 classification of mood and anxiety disorders

M. Maj, G.M. Reed Page 3

How global epidemiological evidence can inform the revision of ICD-10 classification of depression and anxiety disorders

L.H. Andrade, Y.-P. Wang Page 6

Specifiers as aids to treatment selection and clinical management in the ICD classification of mood disorders

D.J. Miklowitz, M.B. First Page 11

Challenges in the implementation of diagnostic specifiers for mood disorders in ICD-11

M.B. First Page 17

Cultural issues in the classification and diagnosis of mood and anxiety disorders

S. Chakrabarti, C. Berlanga, F. Njenga Page 26

Bipolar disorders in ICD-11

S.M. Strakowski Page 31

Changes needed in the classification of depressive disorders: options for ICD-11

E. Paykel, L.H. Andrade, F. Njenga, M.R. Phillips Page 37

Differentiating depression from ordinary sadness: contextual, qualitative and pragmatic approaches

M. Maj Page 43

Severity of depressive disorders: considerations for ICD-11

J.L. Ayuso-Mateos, P. Lopez-García Page 48

Dysthymia and cyclothymia in ICD-11

M.R. Phillips Page 53

Psychotic and catatonic presentations in bipolar and depressive disorders

S. Chakrabarti Page 59

Mixed states and rapid cycling: conceptual issues and options for ICD-11

M. Maj Page 65

How should melancholia be incorporated in ICD-11?

D. Moussaoui, M. Agoub, A. Khoubila Page 69

Postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: options for ICD-11

M.L. Figueira, V. Videira Dias Page 73

Disruptive mood dysregulation with dysphoria disorder: a proposal for ICD-11

E. Leibenluft, R. Uher, M. Rutter Page 77

Generalized anxiety disorder in ICD-11

M.K. Shear Page 82

Agoraphobia and panic disorder: options for ICD-11

D.J. Stein Page 89

Specific and social phobias in ICD-11

P.M.G. Emmelkamp Page 94

Hypochondriasis in ICD-11

D.J. Stein Page 100

+++

3] Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11

Note: Substantial extracts from this DSM-5 and ICD-11 monograph can be previewed online on the Amazon site via the “LOOKINSIDE!” function. Greater access to preview content is available to Amazon account holders.  Extracts can also be previewed via Google:

Preview via Amazon “LOOKINSIDE!”:

http://www.amazon.com/Aspects-Diagnosis-Classification-Behavioral-Disorders/dp/0890423490#reader_0890423490

Preview via Google Books:

http://tinyurl.com/DSM5-ICD11-Monograph

Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for Dsm-5 and ICD-11

By Shekhar Saxena, Patricia Esparza, Darrel A. Regier, Norman Sartorius

(c) 2012

Paperback: 303 pages
Publisher: American Psychiatric Publishing; 1 edition (April 30, 2012)

Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11
[Paperback]

Shekhar Saxena (Author), Patricia Esparza (Author), Darrel A. Regier (Author), Benedetto Saraceno (Author), Norman Sartorius (Author)

Shekhar Saxena, M.D.,is Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.

Patricia Esparza, Ph.D.,is Research Professor and clinical psychologist in the Department of Psychology and Counseling at Webster University in Geneva, Switzerland.

Darrel A. Regier, M.D., M.P.H.,is Director of the American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education and Director of the Division of Research at the American Psychiatric Association in Arlington, Virginia; and Vice-Chair of the DSM-5 Task Force.

Benedetto Saraceno, M.D.,FRCPsych,is Professor of Psychiatry and Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Mental Health of the University of Geneva in Geneva, Switzerland.

Norman Sartorius, M.D., Ph.D.,is President of the Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programs in Geneva, Switzerland.

Book Description
Publication Date: April 30, 2012 | ISBN-10: 0890423490 | ISBN-13:
978-0890423493 | Edition: 1

“Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11″ provides a comprehensive summary of the current state of mental health classification in the United States and internationally, fostering a better understanding of primary research and clinical needs and facilitating the efforts of service planners, researchers and trainees to address current use of psychiatric diagnosis in the public health sector. The volume reflects the proceedings of a research planning conference convened by the APA and World Health Organization (WHO) that focused on public health aspects of the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders. Highly relevant to the ongoing development of DSM-5 and ICD-11, the book includes the background papers prepared and presented by the Conference Expert Groups. The resulting collection: – Discusses the current state of mental illness prevention efforts and the role of public health in supporting them–critical topics, given that development of effective strategies to reduce mental illness around the world depends on the accuracy with which risk and protective factors can be identified, defined, and understood. – Features international perspectives on public health implications of psychiatric diagnosis, classification, and service, providing viewpoints that are broad and more globally relevant. – Views mental health education, and awareness on a macro level, including its impact on social and economic policy, forensics and the legal system, and education. This approach facilitates the continued development of a research base in community health and promotes the establishment of programs for monitoring, treating, and preventing mental illness. – Addresses many fascinating and clinically relevant issues, such as those raised by the concept and the definition of mental disorders and how these impact psychiatric services and practice by individual providers.

This collection should prove useful to the advisory groups, task forces, and working groups for the revision of these two classifications, as well as for researchers in the area of diagnosis and classification, and more generally in public health.

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4] Submissions to DSM-5 public reviews for drafts one, two and three by The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) represents people with speech, language, and hearing disorders and advocates for services to help them communicate effectively.

ASHA submitted comments during all three DSM-5 draft comment periods:

ASHA submission April 2010 [PDF]; June 2011 [PDF]; June 2012 [PDF]

ASHA Letter sent June 2012 [PDF]

DSM-V Revisions To Move Forward (ASHA Leader article)

all documents available from this page:

http://www.asha.org/SLP/DSM-5/

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Key ICD-11 links and documents

ICD-11 Beta drafting platform  |  Publicly viewable version

WHO ICD Revision  |  Main WHO website: Revision Steering Group and Topic Advisory Groups
ICD-11 Revision site  |  Revision resources [Google site currently unavailable]
ICD-11 Revision site Documents Page  |  Key revision documents and meeting materials  [Google site currently unavailable]

ICD-11 Revision Information  |
ICD-11 Timeline  |

ICD Information Sheet  |

Revision News  |
Steering Group  |
Topic Advisory Groups  |

ICD-11 YouTube Channel  |  Video reports
ICD-11 on Facebook  |
ICD-11 on Twitter  |
ICD-11 Blog  |  Not updated since October 2009

ICD-11 YouTubes collated on Dx Revision Watch ICD-11 YouTubes  |

WHO Publications

ICD-10 Tabular List online Version: 2010  |  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision Version: 2010, Tabular List of inclusions and Chapter List

ICD-10 Volume 2: Instruction Manual  |  Volume 2 online Version: 2010 PDF Download

ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Diagnostic Criteria for Research  |  PDF download
ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines  |  PDF download

ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index  |  WHO does not make ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index available online

About the World Health Organization (WHO)

The WHO Family of International Classifications  

History of ICD

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