Trouble with timelines (1) DSM-5, ICD-10-CM, ICD-11 and ICD-11-CM

Trouble with timelines (1): DSM-5, ICD-10-CM, ICD-11 and ICD-11-CM

Post #198 Shortlink:

Update at March 7, 2014: ICD-11 has been postponed by two years. It is now scheduled for presentation for World Health Assembly approval in 2017.

Update at August 15, 2012: On Page 3, I stated that Steven Hyman, MD, is a DSM-5 Task Force Member and that Dr Hyman chairs the meetings of the  International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders. According to the DSM-5 Development site, Dr Hyman is no longer a member of the DSM-5 Task Force, having served from 2007-2012. I cannot confirm whether Dr Hyman continues involvement with the International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders though his name remains listed on the WHO site page, or on what date or for what reason Dr Hyman stood down from the DSM-5 Task Force.


While the US health care industry, professional bodies and clinical practices sweat on the announcement of a final rule for ICD-10-CM compliance and speculation continues over the feasibility of leapfrogging from ICD-9-CM to ICD-11, I thought I’d run through the timelines.


DSM-5: ETA: May 18-22, 2013

Originally slated for publication in May 2012.

In December 2009, the American Psychiatric Association shifted release of DSM-5 to May 2013, in response to slipping targets. With no changes to the published Timeline and no intimation of further delays, I’m assuming DSM-5 remains on target.

The final manual is scheduled for submission to American Psychiatric Publishing by December 31, 2012, for official release, next May, during APA’s 2013 Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

Following closure of the third and final public review on June 15, 2012, draft proposals for disorder descriptions and criteria sets as published on the DSM-5 Development website were frozen. The DSM-5 website will not be updated with any further revisions made by the work groups between June 15 and going to print. Final criteria sets and manual content are under strict embargo until publication [1].


ICD-10-CM: ETA: Compliance mandatory by October 1, 2013; Final Rule to be announced on CMS’s proposal to delay compliance date to October 1, 2014

The development process for ICD-10-CM is as old as God’s dog.

WHO published ICD-10 in 1992. Twenty years on, while the rest of the world has long since migrated to ICD-10, the US is still waiting to transition from ICD-9-CM to a US specific clinical modification of ICD-10. The US is still using a modification based on WHO’s long since retired, ICD-9, and a code set that is now over 35 years old.

The Tabular List and preliminary crosswalk between ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM were posted on the NCHS website for public comment in December 1997. Field testing took place nearly ten years ago, in the summer of 2003.

The proposed rule for the adoption of ICD-10-CM/PCS was published in August 2008 with a proposed compliance date of October 1, 2011. In January 2009, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published a final rule adopting ICD-10-CM/PCS to replace ICD-9-CM in HIPAA transactions, with an effective compliance date of October 1, 2013.

On February 16, 2012, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sibelius announced intent to postpone the compliance date for adoption of ICD-10-CM/PCS codes sets for a further year, to October 1, 2014 to allow more time for providers, payers and vendors to prepare for transition.

Public comment on the proposed rule closed in June. An imminent decision on a final compliance rule is anticipated but no date by which a decision would be announced has been issued.

Annual updated releases of ICD-10-CM and associated documentation have been posted on the CDC website for public viewing since January 2009.

CMS has issued the 2013 release of ICD-10-CM and General Equivalence Mappings (GEMs) which replace the December 2011 release. Until an implementation date is reached, codes in the 2013 release of ICD-10-CM are not currently valid for any purpose or use but are available for public viewing on the CDC website.

Partial Code freeze for ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM

At the September 15, 2010 public ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting it was announced that the committee had finalized its recommendation to impose a partial code freeze for ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS codes prior to implementation of ICD-10-CM. Partial Code Freeze Announcement [PDF]

October 1, 2011 was the last major update of ICD-10-CM/PCS until October 1, 2014. Between October 1, 2011 and October 1, 2014 proposals for revisions to ICD-10-CM/PCS will be considered only for new diseases/new technology procedures and minor revisions to correct reported errors. Regular (at least annual) updates to ICD-10-CM/PCS will resume on October 1, 2014.

These Partial Code Freeze dates are based on the original compliance date of October 1, 2013. It’s reported that postponement of the requirement for compliance until October 1, 2014 would also push back scheduled ICD-10-CM coding updates.

If the proposed compliance date of October 1, 2014 is instituted, adoption of ICD-10-CM would become mandatory around 18 months after publication of DSM-5. The first regular updates to ICD-10-CM would resume one year post compliance date, that is, from October 1, 2015.

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