APA petitions CMS for additions to ICD-10-CM: Deadline for public comment and objections November 15

Post #276 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3tq

Information in this report relates to American Psychiatric Association (APA) proposals, submitted via the September ICD-9-CM/PCS Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting, for the inclusion of a number of additions to the forthcoming US specific ICD-10-CM.

ICD-9-CM is the official system of assigning codes to medical diagnoses in the United States. Next year, ICD-9-CM will be replaced by ICD-10-CM, scheduled for implementation on October 1, 2014.

The DSM is widely used by CMS contractors, federal and state agencies and medical insurers to indicate eligibility for provision of services.

Since the official codes required in the United States for records and reimbursement purposes are ICD-CM codes, DSM diagnoses are cross-walked to the closest approximation of ICD-CM codes to classify diagnoses for insurance claims, research, data capture and other public health purposes.

APA petitions ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee:

The ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM coding systems are subject to annual revisions by NCHS and CMS via public review meetings held twice a year (in March and September), followed by brief public comment periods.

October 1, 2011 saw the last major update of ICD-10-CM/PCS until October 1, 2015. Between October 1, 2011 and October 1, 2015 revisions to ICD-10-CM/PCS will be for new diseases/new technology procedures, and any minor revisions to correct reported errors in these classifications. Regular (at least annual) updates to ICD-10-CM/PCS will resume on October 1, 2015.

The ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee will continue to meet twice a year during this partial code freeze. At these meetings, the public will be asked to comment on whether or not requests for new diagnosis or procedure codes should be created based on the criteria of the need to capture a new technology or disease. Any code requests that do not meet the criteria will be evaluated for implementation within ICD-10-CM on and after October 1, 2015 once the partial code freeze has ended.

At last month’s Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting, APA presented seven diagnoses that are new to DSM-5, along with proposals for new codes for addition to the ICD-10-CM [1]. APA states that the new codes, if approved [by NCHS/CMS], would probably not be added to ICD-10-CM until 2015.

Yesterday, APA published an article in Psychiatric News (the PR organ of the APA), listing the additions and changes proposed by APA via the September meeting (about two thirds into the article):

ICD Codes for Some DSM-5 Diagnoses Updated, Mark Moran, Psychiatric News, October 07, 2013 DOI: 10.1176/appi.pn.2013.10b30

The following disorders were proposed by APA for inclusion in ICD-10-CM (Pages 32-44, Diagnosis Agenda).

Dr Regier’s presentation starts on Day Two of the meeting, video Part 4, 13:50 mins in from start and concludes after PMDD.

Binge eating disorder (BED);
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD);
Social (pragmatic) communication disorder;
Hoarding disorder;
Excoriation (skin picking) disorder;
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

Additionally, the APA has petitioned for revisions to the ICD-10-CM listing for gender dysphoria in adolescents and adults, which is not a new disorder. Dr Regier’s presentation concluded with recommendations for PMDD.

Edit: On Page 45 and 46 of the Agenda, under Additional Tabular List Inclusion Terms for ICD-10-CM a number of other changes to specific Chapter 5 F codes are proposed, including the addition to the ICD-10-CM Chapter 5 codes of the new DSM disorders:

Somatic symptom disorder (proposed as Inclusion term to F45.1 Undifferentiated somatoform disorder)

Illness anxiety disorder (proposed as Inclusion term to F45.21 Hypochondriasis)

None of these 16 proposed additional inclusion terms to the ICD-10-CM Mental and behavioural disorders (Chapter 5) F codes, as listed on Pages 45-46, were presented or discussed by Dr Regier on behalf of the APA but presented briefly and en masse by Donna Pickett.

I have pasted screenshots from the Agenda at the end of this report [Ref 5].

Ms Pickett introduced this section of the Agenda on Day Two, video Part 4, 1 hour 22 mins in from start.

Diagnosis Agenda Item Page 45-46: “Additional Tabular List Inclusion Terms for ICD-10-CM”

Co-Chair Donna Pickett: “…And just to complete the package, there are other Tabular List proposals that appear on Page 45 and 46 that we would also invite your comments on. And again, as with some of the terminology changes that Dr Regier has described the intent here is to make sure that if those terms are being used, that they do have a home somewhere within ICD-10-CM to facilitate people looking these up. So we invite comments. We’re showing the Tabular List proposed changes. However, there obviously would be associated Alphabetic Index changes with that which we didn’t show [in the Agenda] just to keep the package a little bit smaller.”

With no discussion taking place on rationales for individual proposals and no comments or questions being received from the floor or by phone link, Ms Pickett moved swiftly forward to introduce the next Agenda item.

Since these proposals are unattributed in the Agenda, the provenance of these additional 16 code change requests is unclear (that is, whether the requestors are CMS/CDC, Collaborating Centre for the WHO-FIC in North America, WHO ICD-10 Update Committee, WHO ICD-11 Revision, APA or other petitioners).

If the addition of new DSM-5 disorders Somatic symptom disorder and Illness anxiety disorder had been proposed by the APA, it is unclear why these were not included within Dr Regier’s presentation for discussion.

Blink and you might have missed the proposal to incorporate Somatic symptom disorder and Illness anxiety disorder into ICD-10-CM – so little time and attention being devoted to this section of the Agenda.

Note that Hypochondriasis (Illness anxiety disorder) is proposed to be included in the ICD-11 Beta draft under dual parents Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders and Bodily distress disorders, and psychological and behavioural factors associated with disorders or diseases classified elsewhere.

Full proposals from APA and other petitioners can be read in the ICD-9-CM/PCS Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Sept 18–19, 2013: Proposals document at:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm

(Diagnosis Agenda) Proposals document [PDF – 342 KB]:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd/icd_topic_packet_sept_181913.pdf

A Summary report of the Procedure part of the September 18–19, 2013 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting is not yet available. This is expected to be posted on the CMS webpage in October, at:

http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD9ProviderDiagnosticCodes/ICD-9-CM-C-and-M-Meeting-Materials.html

and also on the CDC’s website page for the meetings.

Other Meeting materials (Agenda, Proposals and four YouTubes of the two-day September meeting proceedings) are now available from this page [3]:

http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD9ProviderDiagnosticCodes/ICD-9-CM-C-and-M-Meeting-Materials-Items/2013-09-18-MeetingMaterials.html

There is an ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS revisions Timeline set out on pages 3 thru 7 of the Proposals PDF [2].

Submitting public comment:

The deadline for receipt of public and professional stakeholder comment on any of the proposed ICD-10-CM/PCS code revisions discussed at the September 18-19, 2013 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting is November 15, 2013.

Comments should be sent to the following NCHS email addresses:

Procedure comments by email to Pat Brooks, CMS: patricia.brooks2@cms.hss.gov

Diagnosis comments by email to Donna Pickett, CDC: nchsicd9CM@cdc.gov

Full contact details for submission of comments/objections to NCHS/CMS are on page 8 of the Proposals PDF. The meeting co-chairs state that electronic submissions are greatly preferred over snail mail in order to ensure timely receipt.

Responders are asked to consider the following:

Whether you agree with a proposal, disagree (and why), or have an alternative proposal to suggest.

But also to comment on the timing of those proposals that are being requested for approval for October 2014.

Does a proposal for a new or changed Index entry and Tabular List entry meet the criteria for implementation in Oct 2014 during a partial code freeze or should consideration for inclusion be deferred to Oct 2015 implementation? And separately, comment on the creation of a specific new code for the condition effective from October 1, 2015.

I shall post reminders before the November 15, 2013 deadline date and also a copy of the September meeting Summary document, once this is available. (Posting of the Summary document may be delayed due to the government shut-down and you may prefer to review the YouTubes of the meeting proceedings rather than wait for the Summary document to appear.)

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References for key documents and screenshots:

1. Article: ICD Codes for Some DSM-5 Diagnoses Updated, Mark Moran, Psychiatric News, October 07, 2013:
http://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/newsarticle.aspx?articleID=1757346

2. ICD-9-CM/PCS Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting September 18-19, 2013:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm

September meeting Proposals document [PDF – 342 KB]:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/icd9cm_proposals_91819.pdf

3. ICD-9-CM/PCS Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Sept 18-19, 2013 meeting materials and four YouTubes of proceedings:
http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD9ProviderDiagnosticCodes/ICD-9-CM-C-and-M-Meeting-Materials-Items/2013-09-18-MeetingMaterials.html

4. YouTube Videos from September 18, 2013 Meeting Day One

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting (Morning Session) Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ut3DmV88Dmc

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting (Morning Session) Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAE190sM5AQ

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting (Afternoon Session) Part 3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQOFadq2x6U

September 19, 2013 Meeting Day Two

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Part 4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-pYdKyr_NE

5. Pages 45-46, Diagnosis Agenda:

ICD10CM 1

ICD10CM 2

ICD10CM 3

DSM-5 Somatic Symptoms Disorders work group publishes SSD field trial data

Post #272 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3ke

Update: Somatic Symptom Disorder: An important change in DSM. is now published in the September 2013 issue, J Psychosom Res. A subscription or payment is required to access this paper.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23972410

J Psychosom Res. 2013 Sep;75(3):223-8. Epub 2013 Jul 25.
Dimsdale JE, Creed F, Escobar J, Sharpe M, Wulsin L, Barsky A, Lee S, Irwin MR, Levenson J.

DSM-5 Somatic Symptoms Disorders work group publishes SSD field trial data…behind a paywall

Reports on the findings of the DSM-5 field trials have been slow to emerge.

Kappa results trickled out in dribs and drabs; work group chairs presented limited field trial data at the APA’s 2012 Annual Meeting. There remains a paucity of information on field trial study protocols, patient selection, field test results and analysis.

This is of particular concern where radical changes to DSM-IV definitions and criteria were introduced into DSM-5 and are now out there in the field.

A good example is the new DSM-5 “Somatic Symptom Disorder” category, where there is no substantial body of evidence for the reliability, validity, prevalence, safety, acceptability and clinical utility of the implementation of this new disorder construct – though that did not stop them barrelling it through to the final draft.

In its paper, the SSD Work Group acknowledges the “small amount of validity data concerning SSD”; that much “remains to be determined” about the utility and reliability of the specific SSD criteria and its thresholds when applied in busy, general clinical practice and that there are “vital questions that must be answered” as they go forward.

They don’t sound any too confident about what they’ve barrelled through; but neither do they seem overly concerned.

With remarkable insouciance, SSD Work Group Chair, Joel E Dimsdale, told ABC journalist, Susan Donaldson James, “…If it doesn’t work, we’ll fix it in the DSM-5.1 or DSM-6.” (ABC News, February 27, 2013).

Cavia15The implementation of SSD in the DSM-5 is a Beta trial; the public – adults and children – unwitting guinea pigs.

Members of the DSM-5 Somatic Symptoms Disorders Work Group have just published a report – Somatic Symptom Disorder: An important change in DSM.

APA owns the output of the DSM-5 work groups but this report isn’t posted on the APA’s DSM-5 Development site or on the Field Trials or DSM-5 Resources pages.

It’s being published (currently In Press) in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, for which DSM-5 SSD Work Group member, James Levenson, is a Co-Editor and for which SSD Work Group member, Francis Creed, a past Editor.

Unless you are a subscriber to JPS or have institution access you will need to cough up $30 to access this paper.

DSM-5 Task Force’s Regier and Kupfer have been banging on for years about how transparent the development process for this most recent iteration of the DSM has been. Yet reports on field trial findings and analysis of studies cited in support of the introduction of radical new constructs for DSM are stuffed behind paywalls.

Why are DSM-5 work group reports not being published on the DSM-5 Development website or other APA platforms or published in journals under Creative Commons Licenses, for ease of public accessibility, professional and consumer stakeholder scrutiny and discussion, and for accountability?

The development of ICD-11 is also being promoted by WHO’s Bedirhan Üstün as an open and transparent process.

But emerging proposals from the two working groups charged with making recommendations for revision of ICD-10′s Somatoform Disorders (the Primary Care Consultation Group, chaired by Prof Sir David Goldberg and the WHO Expert Working Group on Somatic Distress and Dissociative Disorders, chaired by Prof Oje Gureje) were also published, last year, in subscription journals and subject to those journals’ respective copyright restrictions [1] [2].

1. Lam TP et al. Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: an international focus group study. Fam Pract. 2013 Feb;30(1):76-87. [Abstract: PMID:22843638]
2. Creed F, Gureje O. Emerging themes in the revision of the classification of somatoform disorders. Int Rev Psychiatry 2012;24:556-67. [Abstract: PMID: 23244611]

Why are ICD-11 working group progress reports on emerging proposals for potential new ICD disorders and focus group study reports not being published on platforms accessible, without payment, to all classes of ICD stakeholder?

The SSD Work Group paper is authored by Joel E Dimsdale (Chair), Francis Creed, Javier Escobar, Michael Sharpe, Lawson Wulsin, Arthur Barsky, Sing Lee, Michael R. Irwin and James Levenson.

[Although not a member of the SSD Work Group, Javier Escobar is Task Force liaison to the SSD work group and works closely with the group. Francis J Keefe (not included in the paper’s authors) is a member of the SSD Work Group. Nancy Frasure-Smith (not included in the paper’s authors) served as a member of the Work Group from 2007-2011 and was not replaced following withdrawal.]

The paper describes the DSM-5 Work Group’s rationale for the new SSD diagnosis (which replaces four DSM-IV categories); defines the construct, discusses field trial kappa data (inter-rater reliability), presents limited data for validity of SSD, clinical utility and potential prevalence rates, and briefly discusses tasks for future research, education and clinical practice.

http://www.jpsychores.com/

July 2013, Vol. 75, No. 1

In Press

Somatic Symptom Disorder: An important change in DSM

29 July 2013

Joel E. Dimsdale, Francis Creed, Javier Escobar, Michael Sharpe, Lawson Wulsin, Arthur Barsky, Sing Lee, Michael R. Irwin, James Levenson

Received 4 April 2013; received in revised form 27 June 2013; accepted 29 June 2013. published online 29 July 2013.

Corrected Proof

doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.06.033

Abstract: http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(13)00265-1/abstract [Free]

Full text: http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(13)00265-1/fulltext  [Paywall]

References: http://www.jpsychores.com/article/PIIS0022399913002651/references  [Paywall]


Commentaries on Somatic Symptom Disorder in recent journal papers

In the June 2013 edition of Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, Allen Frances, MD, who chaired the Task Force for DSM-IV, discusses his concerns for the loosely defined DSM-5 category, Somatic Symptom Disorder, sets out his suggestions for revising the criteria prior to finalization, as presented to the SSD Work Group chair, in December 2012, and advises clinicians against using the new SSD diagnosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23719325

DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder.

Frances A.

Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, NC.

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Jun;201(6):530-1. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318294827c. No abstract available.

PMID: 23719325

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Commentary by Allen Frances, MD, and Suzy Chapman in the May 2012 issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. The paper discusses the over-inclusive DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder criteria and the potential implications for diverse patient groups. The paper concludes by advising clinicians not to use the new SSD diagnosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23653063

DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder mislabels medical illness as mental disorder.

Allen Frances¹, Suzy Chapman²

1 Department of Psychiatry, Duke University 2 DxRevisionWatch.com

Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2013 May;47(5):483-4. doi: 10.1177/0004867413484525. No abstract available.

PMID: 23653063

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The April 22, 2013 edition of Current Biology published a feature article on DSM-5 by science writer, Michael Gross, Ph.D. The article includes quotes from Allen Frances, MD, and Suzy Chapman on potential implications for patients for the application of the new DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder. The article includes concerns for the influence of Somatic Symptom Disorder on proposals for a new ICD category – Bodily Distress Disorder – being field tested for ICD-11.

Current Biology 22 April, 2013 Volume 23, Issue 8

Copyright 2013 All rights reserved. Current Biology, Volume  23, Issue  8, R295-R298, 22 April 2013

doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.009

Feature

Has the manual gone mental?

Michael Gross

Full text: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(13)00417-X

PDF: http://download.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/PIIS096098221300417X.pdf

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In a BMJ opinion piece, published March 2013, Allen Frances, MD, opposes the new Somatic Symptom Disorder, discusses lack of specificity, data from the field trials, and advises clinicians to ignore this new category.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23511949

The new somatic symptom disorder in DSM-5 risks mislabeling many people as mentally ill.

Frances A.

Allen Frances, chair of the DSM-IV task force

BMJ. 2013 Mar 18;346:f1580. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f1580. No abstract available.

PMID: 23511949

[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

+++
Somatic Symptom Disorder is also included in Saving Normal: An Insider’s Revolt Against Out-Of-Control Psychiatric Diagnosis, DSM-5, Big Pharma, and the Medicalization of Ordinary Life (pp. 193-6): Allen Frances, William Morrow & Company (May 2013).

Also Essentials of Psychiatric Diagnosis: Responding to the Challenge of DSM-5 (Chapter 16): Allen Frances, Guilford Press (June 2013).

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Further reading

APA Somatic Symptom Disorder Fact Sheet APA DSM-5 Resources

Somatic Chapter Drops Centrality Of Unexplained Medical Symptoms Psychiatric News, Mark Moran, March 1, 2013

Somatic Symptoms Criteria in DSM-5 Improve Diagnosis, Care David J Kupfer, MD, Chair, DSM-5 Task Force, defends the SSD construct, Huffington Post, February 8, 2013

The new somatic symptom disorder in DSM-5 risks mislabeling many people as mentally ill Allen Frances, MD, BMJ 2013;346:f1580 BMJ Press Release

Somatic Symptom Disorder could capture millions more under mental health diagnosis Suzy Chapman, May 26, 2012

Mislabeling Medical Illness As Mental Disorder Allen Frances, MD, Psychology Today, DSM 5 in Distress, December 8, 2012

Why Did DSM 5 Botch Somatic Symptom Disorder? Allen Frances, MD, Psychology Today, Saving Normal, February 6, 2013

New Psych Disorder Could Mislabel Sick as Mentally Ill Susan Donaldson James, ABC News, February 27, 2013

Dimsdale JE. Medically unexplained symptoms: a treacherous foundation for somatoform disorders? Psychiatr Clin North Am 2011;34:511-3. [PMID: 21889675]

DSM-5 released: professional and campaigning reaction: Round up #7

Post #262 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3cF

DSM-5 released: professional and campaigning reaction: Round up #7

A considerable amount of media coverage and commentary on DSM-5 has been published since posting Round up #6, on May 24. Occupied with other matters, I shall likely not catch-up. The world will continue to turn.

Here, though, are some recent commentaries from psychiatry and psychology professionals; a report from Prof Sir Simon Wessely on last week’s Institute of Psychiatry’s two day DSM-5 Conference; below that, new Online Assessment Measures documents from the APA’s DSM-5 Resource pages, including Somatic Symptom assessment instruments for 6-17 year olds, and a clarification from CMS on HIPAA and the status of the DSM-5 code sets.

Via Patrick Landman

Pédopsychiatre, Psychiatre, Président d’Initiative Pour une Clinique du Sujet Stop-Dsm, Psychanalyste Membre d’Espace Analytiquea

A statement written and signed by prominent French psychiatrists in response to recent comments by APA President-Elect, Jeffrey Lieberman, was issued, yesterday:

Full text on the STOP-DSM campaign website:

To oppose the DSM-5 is not to oppose psychiatry

Recently, some of the DSM-5 supporters have been trying to portray the opposition against the fifth edition of this manual of the American Psychiatric Association as an opposition to psychiatry and a form of antipsychiatry. This political argument aims to discredit the movement and to subsume it in its entirety, including its numerous variations, under a single label, one that can easily be identified and connected with a certain history, the sixties. Such specious rhetoric allows its authors not to have to respond to serious and well-documented arguments of the DSM-5 critics. In reality, its many opponents from Europe, Australia, South America and even the United States include a great number of psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, social workers and other mental health practitioners… Read on


Report on the website of South London and Maudsely NHS Foundation Trust from Prof Sir Simon Wessely on the Institute of Psychiatry’s recent DSM-5 Conference.

Prof Wessely is Head of the Department of Psychological Medicine and Vice Dean, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London. 

DSM-5 at the IoP

Monday June 10, 2013

The latest and fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), invariably known as the DSM, was published on 18 May 2013. To mark the occasion, we hosted an international conference at the Institute of Psychiatry from 3-4 June. This was the first such meeting since the launch and the first platform for Professor David Kupfer, Chair of Psychiatry at the Western Psychiatric Institute in Pittsburgh, but more importantly for us, the man who has directed the compilation and development of DSM-5, and who is justly regarded as its architect…

…I used the somatoform disorders as an example of where “DSM feared to tread”. The latest attempt to come up with something that is both empirically rigorous but also suitable for real world use in this particular area represents a small step forward, at least in simplifying an area of previous mind numbing complexity, but I suggested, was unlikely to represent real progress. This is because the DSM (and for that matter the ICD) are both diagnostic systems that are written by psychiatrists but which in this area need to be used by physicians, who ignore them, and concern patients who don’t like them, often fiercely so… Full Text


Essay by Sarah Kamens MA on the Dx Summit platform

DSM-5′s Somatic Symptom Disorder: From Medical Enigma to Psychiatric Sphinx

Sarah Kamens is a Ph.D. candidate in clinical psychology at Fordham University and in media & communications at the European Graduate School (EGS). Her work focuses on diagnostic discourse and sociopolitics in the psy disciplines.


Spiked Review of Books

‘This manual is, frankly, a disaster for children’

Christopher Lane talks to spiked about the new edition of the bible of psychiatry – ‘a legal document facilitating the medication of millions’.

by Helene Guldberg


http://www.psychiatry.org/dsm5

DSM-5 Online Assessment Measures

APA is inviting clinicians and researchers to provide feedback on the instruments’ usefulness in characterizing patient status and improving patient care. There are a large number of documents that can be downloaded from the link above, including:

For Adults

LEVEL 2–Somatic Symptom–Adult (Patient Health Questionnaire 15 Somatic Symptom Severity Scale [PHQ-15])

For Parents of Children Ages 6–17

LEVEL 2—Somatic Symptom—Parent/Guardian of Child Age 6-17 (Patient Health Questionnaire 15 Somatic Symptom Severity Scale [PHQ-15])

For Children Ages 11–17

LEVEL 2—Somatic Symptom—Parent/Guardian of Child Age 11-17 (Patient Health Questionnaire 15 Somatic Symptom Severity Scale [PHQ-15])

Clinician-Rated

Clinician-Rated Severity of Somatic Symptom Disorder


Finally, a note on the FAQ pages of the CMS.gov website which clarifies the non official status of DSM-5 code sets:

Frequently Asked Questions

(FAQ1817)

[Q] In current practice by the mental health field, many clinicians use the DSM-IV in diagnosing mental disorders. As of May 19, 2013, the DSM-5 was released. Can these clinicians continue current practice and use the DSM-IV and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria?

[A] Yes. The Introductory material to the DSM-IV and DSM-5 code set indicates that the DSM-IV and DSM-5 are “compatible” with the ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes. The updated DSM-5 codes are crosswalked to both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM. As of October 1, 2014, the ICD-10-CM code set is the HIPAA adopted standard and required for reporting diagnosis for dates of service on and after October 1, 2014.

Neither the DSM-IV nor DSM-5 is a HIPAA adopted code set and may not be used in HIPAA standard transactions. It is expected that clinicians may continue to base their diagnostic decisions on the DSM-IV/DSM-5 criteria, and, if so, to crosswalk those decisions to the appropriate ICD-9-CM and, as of October 1, 2014, ICD-10 CM codes. In addition, it is still perfectly permissible for providers and others to use the DSM-IV and DSM-5 codes, descriptors and diagnostic criteria for other purposes, including medical records, quality assessment, medical review, consultation and patient communications.

Dates when the DSM-IV may no longer be used by mental health providers will be determined by the maintainer of the DSM-IV/DSM-5 code set, the American Psychiatric Association, http://www.dsm5.org

(FAQ1817)

Somatic Symptom Disorder in recent journal papers

Post #261 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3ah

Somatic Symptom Disorder in recent journal papers

Somatic Symptom Disorder is also included in Saving Normal: An Insider’s Revolt Against Out-Of-Control Psychiatric Diagnosis, Dsm-5, Big Pharma, and the Medicalization of Ordinary Life (pp. 193-6): Allen Frances, William Morrow & Company (20 May 2013).

Also in Essentials of Psychiatric Diagnosis: Responding to the Challenge of DSM-5 (Chapter 16): Allen Frances, Guilford Press (14 June 2013).

In the June edition of Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders, Allen Frances, MD, who chaired the Task Force for DSM-IV, discusses his concerns for the loosely defined DSM-5 category, Somatic Symptom Disorder, sets out his suggestions for revising the criteria prior to finalization, as presented to the SSD Work Group chair, in December, and advises clinicians against using the new SSD diagnosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23719325

DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder.

Frances A.

Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, NC.

J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Jun;201(6):530-1. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318294827c. No abstract available.

PMID: 23719325

[PubMed – in process]

+++

Commentary by Allen Frances, MD, and Suzy Chapman in the May issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. The paper discusses the over-inclusive DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder criteria and the potential implications for diverse patient groups. The paper concludes by advising clinicians not to use the new SSD diagnosis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23653063

DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder mislabels medical illness as mental disorder.

Allen Frances¹, Suzy Chapman²

1 Department of Psychiatry, Duke University 2 DxRevisionWatch.com

Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2013 May;47(5):483-4. doi: 10.1177/0004867413484525. No abstract available.

PMID: 23653063

[PubMed – in process]

+++

The April 22 edition of Current Biology published a feature article on DSM-5 by science writer, Michael Gross, Ph.D. The article includes quotes from Allen Frances, MD, and Suzy Chapman on the implications for patients for the application of the new DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder. The article includes concerns for the influence of Somatic Symptom Disorder on proposals for a new ICD category – Bodily Distress Disorder – being field tested for ICD-11 and ICD-11-PHC.

Current Biology 22 April, 2013 Volume 23, Issue 8

Copyright 2013 All rights reserved. Current Biology, Volume  23, Issue  8, R295-R298, 22 April 2013

doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.009

Feature

Has the manual gone mental?

Michael Gross

Full text: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(13)00417-X

PDF: http://download.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/PIIS096098221300417X.pdf

+++

In this opinion piece, published in the BMJ, March 18, Allen Frances, MD, strongly opposes the new Somatic Symptom Disorder, discusses its lack of specificity, data from the field trials and advises clinicians to ignore this new category.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23511949

The new somatic symptom disorder in DSM-5 risks mislabeling many people as mentally ill.

Frances A.

Allen Frances, chair of the DSM-IV task force

BMJ. 2013 Mar 18;346:f1580. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f1580. No abstract available.

PMID: 23511949

[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

+++

Further reading

APA Somatic Symptom Disorder Fact Sheet APA DSM-5 Resources

Somatic Chapter Drops Centrality Of Unexplained Medical Symptoms Psychiatric News, Mark Moran, March 1, 2013

Somatic Symptoms Criteria in DSM-5 Improve Diagnosis, Care David J Kupfer, MD, Chair, DSM-5 Task Force, defends the SSD construct, Huffington Post, February 8, 2013

The new somatic symptom disorder in DSM-5 risks mislabeling many people as mentally ill Allen Frances, MD, BMJ 2013;346:f1580 BMJ Press Release

Somatic Symptom Disorder could capture millions more under mental health diagnosis Suzy Chapman, May 26, 2012

Mislabeling Medical Illness As Mental Disorder Allen Frances, MD, Psychology Today, DSM 5 in Distress, December 8, 2012

Why Did DSM 5 Botch Somatic Symptom Disorder? Allen Frances, MD, Psychology Today, Saving Normal, February 6, 2013

New Psych Disorder Could Mislabel Sick as Mentally Ill Susan Donaldson James, ABC News, February 27, 2013

Dimsdale JE. Medically unexplained symptoms: a treacherous foundation for somatoform disorders? Psychiatr Clin North Am 2011;34:511-3. [PMID: 21889675]

DSM-5 released: Media, professional and advocacy reaction: Round up #6

Post #256 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-34A

For earlier responses to the release of DSM-5 see Round up Posts #255, #254, #253, #252, #251 and #249

On May 16, CDC published a new report on children’s mental health which I am including in this DSM-5 round up.

Washington Post: CDC says 20 percent of U.S. children have mental health disorders Tony Pugh, May 19, 2013

Up to one in five American youngsters — about 7 million to 12 million, by one estimate — experience a mental health disorder each year, according to a new report billed as the first comprehensive look at the mental health status of children in the country.

CDC article on new Report released May 16, 2013 can be accessed here:

http://www.cdc.gov/features/childrensmentalhealth/

Report in text format here: Children’s Mental Health – New Report

Report in PDF format here: PDF Children’s Mental Health – New Report

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Thompson Reuters News & Insight: Lawyers worry new measure of mental retardation could prompt more executions Elizabeth Dilts, May 13, 2013


Lexology, US: “DSM-5 anxiety” may be new disorder for employers trying to navigate ADA Squire Sanders, Ryan A. Sobel, May 22, 2013


Pacific Standard, US: Now That the ‘DSM-5′ Is Out Can We Start Talking About the Effect It Will Have? Michael Dahr, May 23, 2013

The newly revised, hotly contested book of psychiatric diagnoses is finally here. How will it change the way we consider and treat substance use problems?

Michael Dahr is a medical and science writer who has written for Livescience.com, Science & Medicine, Iowa Outdoors, and various medical and research institutions.

The Conversation: DSM-5 won’t increase mental health work claims – here’s why Nick Glozier, May 23, 2013

Professor of Psychological Medicine, BMRI & Discipline of Psychiatry at University of Sydney


Times Higher Education: Psychiatry’s cause for anxiety Matthew Reisz, May 23, 2013

Focus on people, not technology or the DSM, to treat mental illness, Tom Burns tells Matthew Reisz


Telegraph, UK: Why are women still considered more insane than men? Will Nicholl, May, 23, 2013


ABC Australia: The Pulse DSM-5: why all the fuss? Claudine Ryan, May 23, 2013

…Dr Maria Tomasic, president of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, says the DSM-5 is a useful tool designed to be used by medical professionals who understand its limitations. “We are concerned about the use of classification systems such as the DSM-5 by institutions such as courts or government bodies who often do not understand the complexity of diagnosis, and seek to simplify difficult decisions about funding or eligibility…”

[Professor Perminder] Sachdev says “it should not be used as a legal document or to help bench-mark social services and welfare payments, nor is it suitable for use in seven-minute consultations in a GPs office”.


Wood TV, US: Shrinks, critics face off over psychiatric manual Associated Press Medical Writer Lindsey Tanner, May 22, 2013


The Take Away, US: Presenter John Hockenberry

The show is a co-production of WNYC Radio and Public Radio International, in collaboration with New York Times Radio and WGBH Boston.

Listen again The DSM and Mental Health in America, May 22, 2013

Guest: Allen Frances, MD | Produced by: Nikolay Nikolov and Jillian Weinberger

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Listen again In Defense of the DSM-5 May 23, 2013

Guest: Jeffrey Lieberman, MD | Produced by: Kristen Meinzer

…the incoming president of the American Psychiatry Association, which revises the DSM, says the criticism is unwarranted. His name is Jeffrey Lieberman, MD, and he’s also chairman of psychiatry at Columbia University.

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From Dx Summit platform

Counselors for Social Justice Position Statement on DSM-5 (first published August, 2011)

For earlier responses to the release of DSM-5 see Posts #255, #254, #253, #252, #251 and #249

DSM-5 released: Media, professional and advocacy reaction: Round up #5

Post #255 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-346

For earlier responses to the release of DSM-5 see Posts #254, #253, #252, #251 and #249

Division of Clinical Psychology

Earlier this month, the Division of Clinical Psychology (DCP), a division of the British Psychological Society, published a Position Statement on the “Classification of Behaviour and Experience in Relation to Functional Psychiatric Diagnoses, Time for a Paradigm Shift.”

Lucy Johnstone, who helped formulate the DCP’s Position Statement, contributed to a BBC Radio 3 broadcast, last night.

BBC Radio 3

Duration: 45 minutes | One year left to listen | First broadcast: Wednesday 22 May 2013

Night Waves May 22, 2013

Segment starts at 23:45 mins in and runs for 15 mins

Khaled Hosseini, Man Booker International Prize, Disgraced, the Future of Psychiatry, with Rana Mitter

“The British Psychological Society’s division of clinical psychology is calling for a ‘paradigm shift’ in psychiatry away from diagnosis. They claim treating ‘mental distress’ as an illness stigmatises sufferers and leads us to ignore more complicated social dimensions to conditions like depression or schizophrenia. So what is the way forward for psychiatry? Rana is joined by Lucy Johnstone who helped formulate the BPS’s position, consultant psychiatrist Tom Burns, and the historian of psychiatry Matthew Smith.”


Critical Psychiatry Network

The Critical Psychiatry Network (CPN) has issued a statement on DSM-5, dated May 22, 2013. The Statement can be downloaded from this page or the PDF opened, here, on Dx Revision Watch: CPN statement on DSM-5


Social Justice Solutions

“Is a social worker conceived and operated organization born out of the Stony Brook School of Social Welfare’s commitment to active participation in creating a socially just world.”

In DSM-5: A Call to Opposition for Social Workers, Georgianna Dolan-Reilly, LMSW, calls on the organization’s constituency to oppose DSM-5sign the Open Letter developed by the Society for Humanistic Psychology, Division 32 of the American Psychological Association, and criticizes the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) for not issuing its position on DSM-5.


Social Work Helper

Follow Up Interview with Dr Allen Frances: Dishing the Dirt on the DSM 5 Deona Hooper, MSW May 20, 2013

Article links to: Mother Jones: Psychiatry’s New Diagnostic Manual: “Don’t Buy It. Don’t Use It. Don’t Teach It.” By Michael Mechanic, May 14, 2013, which I don’t think has been previously posted.


Science Live Chat: Does ‘Psychiatry’s Bible’ Need to Be Rewritten? (Video)

Talk to experts in a live Google Hangout about the controversy over the DSM-5 Emily Underwood, May 20, 2013

With Frank Farley, William Eaton and Allen Frances

Join us on Thursday, 23 May, at 3 p.m. EDT on this page for a live Google Hangout to chat with experts about the fate of the DSM. Be sure to leave your questions for our guests in the comment box below. [See site for more details]


New Internationalist: Corporates cashing in on mental-health diagnosis Adam McGibbon, May 21, 2013


Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: Critics blast new manual on mental disorders David Templeton, May 21, 2013

Interview with Brent Dean Robbins, who heads the Psychology Department at Point Park University, is a leading critic of DSM-5 and committee member of the recently launched, Global Summit on Diagnostic Alternatives: An Online Platform for Rethinking Mental Health http://dxsummit.org/


AHRP: Two NIMH Directors Debunk DSM & Deplore Psychiatry’s Unscientific Modus Operandi Vera Sharav, May 8, 2013


San Francisco Weekly: Brain Distrust: Shrinks and Scientologists Find Weird Common Ground Over the DSM-5 Joe Eskenazi, May 22, 2013


Counterpunch, US: Taking on Big Pharma A Mental Health Declaration of Independence Bruce E Levine, May 21, 2013


Economist, US: The DSM-5 Attention, everyone CH, May 22, 2013


New York Times: Mind: The Book Stops Here Richard A Friedman, MD, May 20, 2013


Lexology, US: Employers beware: psychiatry’s latest Diagnostic Manual (DSM-5) creates new mental disorders, expands others, Hunton & Williams LLP, May 20, 2013


Education Week, US: Revised Psychiatric Disorders ‘Bible’ Changes Disability Definitions Christina Samuels on May 20, 2013


Human Resource Executive Online, US: New Mental-Health Manual Likely to Impact HR James J McDonald, Jr., May 22, 2013

Making accommodations for employees with mental disabilities has never been easy, and it’s about to get more difficult with the release of the American Psychiatric Association’s new manual of mental disorders.


Fox News, US: The new DSM-5 fails to accurately describe mental illness Dr Keith Ablow, May 22, 2013


Huffington Post: The Role of Biological Tests in Psychiatric Diagnosis Allen Frances, MD, May 22, 2013


Slate, US: You Do Not Have Asperger’s Amy S F Lutz, May 22, 2013

What psychiatry’s new diagnostic manual means for people on the autism spectrum

For earlier responses to the release of DSM-5 see Posts #254, #253, #252, #251 and #249
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