DSM-5 November Round up #1

Post #285 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3zQ

Recent documents issued by the American Psychiatric Association at DSM-5 Development

Coding Changes Update: Important Coding and Criteria Updates: UPDATED 11/22/13

APA Statement issued 10.31.13: Statement on DSM-5 Text Error Pedophilic disorder text error to be corrected

Text Corrections: DSM-5 Paraphilic Disorders 10/31/13

Criteria Update: Updates to DSM-5 Adjustment Disorders: 10/15/13

Coding Changes Update: Neurocognitive Disorders Coding Updates: UPDATED 10/18/13

Psychiatric News Article: ICD Codes for Some DSM-5 Diagnoses Updated, Mark Moran, 10/7/13

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Commentary, Dx Summit

Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Was Not Actually Removed from DSM-5

by Sarah Kamens

Note from Dx Revision Watch: Here is another codable diagnosis slipped in by APA before going to press. Between closure of the third DSM-5 draft review and publication of the final code sets a “Brief somatic symptom disorder,” where duration of symptoms is less than 6 months, was added under new category, “Other specified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorder” cross-walked to ICD 300.89 (F45.8) [DSM-5, Page 327]. This “Other specified” category can be used for symptom presentations that do not meet the full criteria for any of the disorders in the Somatic symptom and related disorders diagnostic class.
This means that as little as a single, distressing physical symptom + just one psychobehavioural symptom from the Somatic symptom disorder “B type” criteria, with less than 6 months chronicity would meet criteria for a codable mental disorder. A “Brief illness anxiety disorder” diagnosis of less than 6 months duration has also been inserted under this code – neither of which were in the third draft.

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Commentary from Christopher Lane, Ph.D., at Side Effects, Psychology Today:

The OECD Warns on Antidepressant Overprescribing Antidepressant consumption not matched by an increase in global diagnoses

Christopher Lane | November 22, 2013

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Commentary by Athena Bryan for Brown Political Review:

A Tale of Two Codices: the DSM, ICD and Definition of Mental Illness in America

Athena Bryan | November 21, 2013

Note from Dx Revision Watch: I have added a comment to this article, noting that APA has proposed the following new DSM-5 disorders for inclusion in the forthcoming U.S. specific ICD-10-CM via the September 18-19, 2013 meeting of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee: Binge eating disorder (BED); Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD); Social (pragmatic) communication disorder; Hoarding disorder; Excoriation (skin picking) disorder; Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); that DSM-5′s new constructs, Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) and Illness anxiety disorder were also proposed for insertion into the ICD-10-CM Tabular List and Index; that the ICD-10-CM is a “clinical modification” of WHO’s ICD-10 and is scheduled for U.S. implementation in October 2014; that its development from the ICD-10 has been the responsibility of NCHS.

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Three DSM-5 Somatic symptom disorder related items:

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Editorial British Journal of Psychiatry:

Editorial: Michael Sharpe, DSM-5 Somatic symptom disorder Work Group member BJP November 2013 203:320-321; doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.112.122523:

Editorial: Somatic symptoms: beyond ‘medically unexplained’

Abstract:

Somatic symptoms may be classified as either ‘medically explained’ or ‘medically unexplained’ – the former being considered medical and the latter psychiatric. In healthcare systems focused on disease, this distinction has pragmatic value. However, new scientific evidence and psychiatric classification urge a more integrated approach with important implications for psychiatry.

Note from Dx Revision Watch: Unless NCHS rejects the proposal submitted at the September 18-19, 2013 meeting of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee, Somatic symptom disorder is destined for insertion into the ICD-10-CM Tabular List under F45 Somatoform Disorders as an inclusion term to F45.1 Undifferentiated somatoform disorder and for adding to the Alphabetic Index. See http://wp.me/pKrrB-3×1.

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Slide presentation: Francis Creed, University of Manchester, UK:

Can we now explain medically unexplained symptoms?

Francis Creed | Exeter, June 13, 2013 | PDF format

or open PDF [1.5MB] here Creed June 2013 slide presentation

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Book chapter: Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies:

Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies, Ritsner, Michael S (Ed.) 2013, XVII, 287 p ISBN: 978-94-007-5804-9 (Print) 978-94-007-5805-6 (Online)

Chapter 11: Multiple Medication Use in Somatic Symptom Disorders: From Augmentation to Diminution Strategies  

Most of Chapter 11, Pages 243-254 (pp 247-249 omitted) can be previewed on Google Books here

ICD-10-CM Release for 2014 now available

Post #270 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3iT

ICD-10-CM Release for 2014 now available

Prior to implementation, the codes in ICD-10-CM are not valid for any purpose or use.

The World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) was published in 1992 and is used in over a hundred countries worldwide.

A number of countries have been authorized by WHO to develop “Clinical Modifications” – adaptations of ICD-10 for country specific use. These differ in the number of chapters, codes and subcategories. Specific conditions are present in some adaptations but not all clinical modifications [1]. All modifications to the ICD-10 must conform to WHO conventions for ICD.

Canada uses an adaptation called ICD-10-CA, Australia uses ICD-10-AM, Germany uses ICD-10-GM and Thailand uses ICD-10-TM.

The U.S. lags behind most of the rest of the world and is still using a Clinical Modification of the WHO’s long since retired, ICD-9.

A U.S. specific adaptation of ICD-10 has been under development for a considerable length of time but is scheduled for implementation on October 1, 2014.

Transition to ICD-10-CM is required for everyone covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Implementation schedules for Large Practices; Small and Medium Practices; Small Hospitals and Payers can be found on the CMS website, here: Implementation Timelines.

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2014 release of ICD-10-CM

The 2014 release of ICD-10-CM is now available from the CDC website. It replaces the July 2012 release.

Prior to the implementation date of October 1, 2014, the codes in ICD-10-CM are not valid for any purpose or use.

The ICD-10-CM code set is currently subject to partial code freeze. For information on the code freeze see Partial Freeze of Revisions to ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS.

October 1, 2011 was the last major update of ICD-10-CM/PCS until October 1, 2015. Between October 1, 2011 and October 1, 2015, revisions to ICD-10-CM/PCS will be for new diseases/new technology procedures or minor revisions to correct any reported errors in these classifications. Regular (at least annual) updates to ICD-10-CM/PCS will resume on October 1, 2015.

Information on the ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS update and revision processes and the public NCHS/CDC Coordination and Maintenance Committee meetings can be found on this CDC page: Coordination and Maintenance Committee.

Downloading the ICD-10-CM code sets

The ICD-10-CM Preface, Guidelines, Tabular List, Index and associated documentation can be downloaded from this page: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10cm.htm#10update.

The PDF of the Preface is in a single PDF file here: ICD-10-CM Preface 2014

The PDF of the Guidelines is in a single PDF file here: ICD-10-CM Guidelines

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To access the PDFs for the ICD-10-CM Tabular List and Index, the files need extracting from Zip files from this link:

ICD-10-CM List of codes and Descriptions (updated 7/3/2013)

( ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/Publications/ICD10CM/2014/ )

Select this file, below, on the CDC site and open it. It is a large file of over 15MB so you will need to allow sufficient time for it to fully load:

06/19/2013 08:28AM 15,223,965 ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF.zip

It will unpack these five PDF files, which can be opened and viewed in situ or saved:

ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF_DIndex  4,222 KB  [ICD-10-CM INDEX TO DISEASES and INJURIES]

or open unzipped PDF on Dx Revision Watch: ICD-10-CM 2014 Full Index

ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF_EIndex   [401 KB]  [ICD-10-CM External Cause of Injuries Index]

ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF_TableOfDrugs   [2,193 KB]

ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF_TableOfNeoplasms   [646 KB]

ICD10CM_FY2014_Full_PDF_Tabular   [7, 398 KB]  [ICD-10-CM TABULAR LIST of DISEASES and INJURIES]

or open unzipped PDF on Dx Revision Watch: ICD-10-CM Tabular List

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For five PDF files of Addenda go to this page:

ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/Publications/ICD10CM/2014/

and select this file:

06/19/2013 08:28AM 582,584 ICD10CM_FY2014_Addenda.zip

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Comparison between classifications and codings in ICD-10-CM and ICD-10

The WHO’s ICD-10 Volume 1 The Tabular List isn’t made available as a PDF file but can be accessed on a searchable electronic browser platform here: ICD-10 Version: 2010.

The Tabular List for ICD-10 contains more textual descriptions for the categories in Chapter V (the mental and behavioural disorders chapter) than other chapters in ICD-10.

There are also two “speciality” volumes for ICD-10 Chapter V for Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines (known as the “Blue Book”) and Diagnostic criteria for research (known as the “Green Book”).

The U.S. specific ICD-10-CM will not contain this depth of textual content within its Chapter 5.

CDC’s, Donna Picket, has confirmed that CMS/CDC does not plan to adapt the “Blue Book” specifically for U.S. use in conjunction with Chapter 5 of ICD-10-CM [2]. Nor are there plans for an official CMS/CDC crosswalk between ICD-10-CM’s Chapter 5 classifications and codes and those in ICD-10 Chapter V [3].

In the U.S., since 2003, the ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes have been mandated for third-party billing and reporting by HIPAA for all electronic transactions for billing and reimbursement. Following implementation on October 1, 2014, the ICD-10-CM codes sets will become mandatory.

This also applies to the coding of mental and behavioural disorders. APA’s DSM-IV disorder diagnoses are crosswalked to ICD-9-CM codes, or their nearest equivalent, for billing and reimbursement.

The DSM-5, published in May this year, includes the crosswalk codes for both the existing ICD-9-CM and the forthcoming ICD-10-CM codes.

For comparison between

ICD-10-CM Chapter 5 Mental, Behavioral and Neurodevelopmental disorders (F01-F99)

and ICD-10 Chapter V Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99) see the ICD-10 online browser or

The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines (The “Blue Book”)

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References and further resources

1. The development, evolution, and modifications of ICD-10: challenges to the international comparability of morbidity data. Jetté N, Quan H, Hemmelgarn B, Drosler S, Maass C, Moskal L, Paoin W, Sundararajan V, Gao S, Jakob R, Ustün B, Ghali WA; IMECCHI Investigators. Med Care. 2010 Dec;48(12):1105-10. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181ef9d3e [PMID: 20978452].

The development, evolution and modifications of ICD-10: challenges to the international comparability of morbidity data: Nathalie Jetté MD, November 2009, Slide Presentation [5 MB].

2. Personal communication.

3. Personal communication.

4. Information for providers, payers and vendors on transition to ICD-10-CM can be found here on the CMS website.

5. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services: ICD-10-CM/PCS MYTHS AND FACTS ICN 902143, April 2013.

6. American Psychological Association: Nine frequently asked questions about DSM-5 and ICD-10-CM, APA Practice staff answer questions about billing, determining diagnoses and more related to the two diagnostic classification systems. Practice Update, May 16, 2013.

7. American Psychiatric Association: Insurance Implications of DSM-5

8. AAPC What is ICD-9-CM?

ICD-11 Round up: April #1

ICD-11 Round up: April #1

Post #239 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2Qy

[PMID 23583019]

The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 11 April 2013
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62191-6

Proposals for mental disorders specifically associated with stress in the International Classification of Diseases-11

Maercker A, Brewin CR, Bryant RA, Cloitre M, Reed GM, Ommeren MV, Humayun A, Jones LM, Kagee SA, Llosa AE, Rousseau C, Somasundaram DJ, Souza R, Suzuki Y, Weissbecker I, Wessely SC, First MB, Saxena S.

Mental disorders specifically associated with stress are exceptional in needing external events to have caused psychiatric symptoms for a diagnosis to be made. The specialty of stress-associated disorders is characterised by lively debates, including about the extent to which human suffering should be medicalised, 1 and the purported overuse of the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). 2 Most common mental disorders are potentiated or exacerbated by stress and childhood adversity…

Contributors
AM, CRB, RAB, MC, GMR, MvO, SW, MBF, and SS were the core writing group. AH, LJ, SAK, AEL, CR, DS, RS, YS, and IW discussed the text and gave feedback to the core writing group.
Conflicts of interest
AM, CRB, RAB, MC, AH, LJ, SAK, CR, DS, SCW, and YS are members of the WHO ICD-11 Working Group on the Classification of Disorders Specifically Associated with Stress, reporting to the WHO International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders. GMR, MvO, and SS are members of the WHO Secretariat, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. AEL, RS, IW, and MBF are special invitees to Working Group meetings. However, the views expressed in this article are those of the authors and, except as specifically noted, do not represent the official policies or positions of the International Advisory Group or WHO.
[Subscription required for full paper. A PDF may be available on authors’ personal websites or academic websites.]

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According to CDC’s, Donna Picket, as reported by AHIMA (American Health Information Management Association), “ICD-11 would likely not be ready for implementation in the US until after 2020.”

AHIMA

Update: ICD-11 on Track For 2015

Melanie Endicott | AHIMA & ICD-10 & ICD-10/CAC Summit | April 23, 2013

While the United States is preparing to implement ICD-10-CM/PCS on October 1, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) is anticipating a 2015 release of ICD-11. Taking into account the need to then clinically modify the WHO version, ICD-11 would likely not be ready for implementation in the US until after 2020. Donna Pickett, MPH, RHIA, medical systems administrator at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Health Statistics, delivered an update on the progress of ICD-11 development in Monday’s presentation “ICD-11 Update” at the 2013 AHIMA ICD-10-CM/PCS and Computer-Assisted Coding Summit, taking place in Baltimore, MD this week...  Read on

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Go here to view ICD-11 Beta drafting platform public version

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/betaexpectations/en/

ICD-11 Beta: Expectations, Concerns and Known Issues

Information for Beta Participants

ICD-11 Beta Phase started on 14 May 2012. The objective is to have a final ICD-11 version by 2015. This announcement clarifies that ICD-11 Beta version is not final, and will be enhanced by input from multiple stakeholders during the beta phase, which will last 3 years.

Caveats
Problems and Issues
Concerns and Criticisms etc

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/en/index.html

Revision

Participate in ICD Revision
Video invitation to participate
Frequently Asked Questions About ICD-11
ICD Information Sheet
ICD Revision Information Notes
Register to become involved
Timelines
Content Model
Definitions etc

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Presentation | T Bedirhan Üstün

ICD Revision Summary presentation: Quality and Safety Topic Advisory Group meeting, New York, April 2-3, 2013.

ICD11 Quality and Safety TAG 2013 Presentation | Slideshare

According to this presentation, by WHO’s Bedirhan Üstün, all ICD-11 Topic Advisory Groups (TAGs) have finished their editing of the structure. A good deal of work remains for the population of content, in accordance with the ICD-11 Content Model, across all chapters and on compatibility of linearizations across primary care, specialty and detailed research versions.

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Presentation [PDF Format, no PP viewer required]

Revising the ICD Definition of Intellectual Disability: Implications and Recommendations | March 19, 2013

Intellectual Disability’s Long Journey: George Jesien, Ph.D., Executive Director, Association for University Centers on Disabilities (AUCD)
Intellectual Disability and the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Geoffrey M. Reed, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, WHO
AAIDD Proposed Recommendations for ICD-11: Marc J. Tassé, Nisonger Center – UCEDD, The Ohio State University, Webinar

On Slides 17 and 18, Classification System Most Used and Classification Most Used by Country, graphics for data from WPA-WHO Survey of Practicing Psychiatrists* on global use of ICD-10, ICD-8/9, DSM-IV and Other diagnostic system(s).

*World Psychiatry. 2011 Jun;10(2):118-31.

The WPA-WHO Global Survey of Psychiatrists’ Attitudes Towards Mental Disorders Classification.

Reed GM, Mendonça Correia J, Esparza P, Saxena S, Maj M.

Abstract

Full free paper

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Medscape

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophr Bull.2012;38(5):895-898.

Status of Psychotic Disorders in ICD-11

Wolfgang Gaebel

Abstract and full report

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Summary: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

Summary: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

Post #205 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2vc  

The September meeting of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee, jointly chaired by CMS and CDC, took place on September 19, 2012.

For further information on this public process see the CDC website page:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm

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Meeting Summary document

The meeting Summary document has now been published.  The audio is not yet available.

The Summary document can be downloaded here:

September 19, 2012

Summary (10 pages) [PDF – 59 KB]

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/2012_September_Summary.pdf

or opened in PDF format here:     Summary September 19 2012

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The Proposals and Agenda document can be downloaded here:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm#meeting_materials

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

September 19, 2012

Proposals (74 pages) [PDF – 730 KB]

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/Topic_packet_for_September_19_2012.pdf

or opened in PDF format here:     Topic packet for September 19 2012

According to the Summary document, the deadline for receipt of public comments on proposals submitted at this meeting is November 16, 2012. If there is any change to this date, I will update.

Comments on proposals presented at the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting should be sent to the following email address: nchsicd9CM@cdc.gov. See Page One of the Summary document for important information on submission of public comment.

Extract, Summary document

Chronic fatigue syndrome

Andreas Kogelnik, MD, representing the Coalition 4 ME/CFS, was available via telephone to address questions and clinical concerns.

Lori Chapo-Kroger, representing the Coalition 4 ME/CFS, expressed that many nations, and the World Health Organization, put CFS at G93 in ICD-10, and that this would include everyone but the U.S.

Mary Dimmock, representing the Coalition 4 ME/CFS, questioned why the change must wait until after 2014 when they feel that this is an error in the classification right now (and has been since 2001).

Dr. Kogelnik indicated that the term myalgic encephalomyelitis is used in Europe while the U.S. continues to use the term chronic fatigue syndrome, and that the Coalition 4 ME/CFS considers these two conditions (CFS and ME) to be the same. That is why they want both terms included in the same code.

Nelly Leon-Chisen, AHA, noted support for a need for a code for chronic fatigue syndrome distinct from chronic fatigue, unspecified. She indicated also that with the cause being unknown it is better that the classification not be locked into placing CFS as a viral code. Also, if there is no consensus for ME and CFS being the same then it makes sense to keep them as two separate codes. If research later develops that says they are the same then the data can be aggregated together. However, if the research does not show this, then you don’t have them lumped into one code that does not allow you to separate out one from the other.

Sue Bowman, AHIMA, questioned counting all CFS as following a virus infection. She expressed a need for clinical consensus on this condition. Also, she stated that she did not see a rationale for an early change (before 2014).

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Note: Dx Revision Watch has no connection with the Coalition 4 ME/CFS or with the development of any proposals submitted by this organization. The views and opinions expressed in Coalition 4 ME/CFS submissions to ICD-9-CM  Coordination and Maintenance Committee meetings represent the views of the Coalition 4 ME/CFS and its representatives and not the views of Dx Revision Watch.

All enquiries about proposals submitted to CMS/CDC on behalf of the Coalition 4 ME/CFS should be addressed directly to the Coalition 4 ME/CFS.

Note also that the proposal from the Coalition 4 ME/CFS (Option 1) and the alternative proposal presented by CMS/CDC (Option 2) at the September meeting are set out in accordance with the requirements of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee for the submission of proposals. 

For Options 1 and Option 2 see post Proposals: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting or Proposals document Topic packet for September 19 2012

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Related posts:

Proposals: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

Coding CFS in ICD-10-CM: CFSAC and the Coalition4ME/CFS initiative

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Summary document (CFS coding)

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting September 14, 2011 (Coding of CFS in ICD-10-CM)

Proposals: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

Proposals: September 19 ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

Post #204 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2uL

The next meeting of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee, which is jointly chaired by CMS and CDC, takes place on September 19, 2012. 

There is a very full agenda for this meeting. The meeting materials Proposals document has now been published.

For further information on this public process see the CDC website page:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm

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The Proposals and Agenda document can be downloaded here:

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm_maintenance.htm#meeting_materials

ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting

September 19, 2012

Proposals (74 pgs) [PDF – 730 KB]

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/icd9/Topic_packet_for_September_19_2012.pdf

or opened in PDF format here:      Topic packet for September 19 2012

Note: I have no connection with the Coalition 4 ME/CFS or with the development of any proposals submitted by this organization. All enquiries about the proposal submitted to CMS/CDC on behalf of the Coalition 4 ME/CFS should be addressed directly to the Coalition 4 ME/CFS.

Note also that the proposal from the Coalition 4 ME/CFS and the alternative proposal from CMS/CDC are set out in accordance with the requirements of the ICD-9-CM C & M Committee for the submission of proposals.

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Coding of CFS in the forthcoming US specific ICD-10-CM

At the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee’s September 14, 2011 meeting, a presentation had been made on behalf of the Coalition 4 ME/CFS in relation to the formal submission of a proposal.

The proposal requested that consideration be given to moving the classification of Chronic fatigue syndrome from its current proposed location within the ICD-10-CM R code chapter (Chapter 18: Symptoms and signs) to the G code chapter (Chapter 6: Diseases of the nervous system).

This would bring the chapter location of Chronic fatigue syndrome in ICD-10-CM in line with the international version of ICD-10, the Canadian ICD-10-CA and proposals for the forthcoming ICD-11.

No NCHS decision reached in response to the September 2011 proposals and the public comments received in respect of these proposals was conveyed following closure of the public comment period, last November.

However, further discussion of Chronic fatigue syndrome and two additional proposals are tabled on the agenda for discussion at the September 19, meeting, tomorrow.

I am appending the relevant extract from the Diagnosis Agenda and Proposals document which was published on the CDC  website overnight. An official audio and a Summary of the meeting should be available in due course on the CDC website. I will update with these when available.

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Extract Topic packet for September 19 2012 (Page 46)

[…]

Chronic fatigue syndrome

Andreas Kogelnik, M.D., Coalition 4 ME/CFS

Chronic fatigue syndrome

A proposal, submitted by the Coalition 4 ME/CFS, to modify codes for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) was presented and discussed at the September 2011 ICD Coordination and Maintenance Committee meeting. The National Center for Health Statistics also presented an alternative proposal, Option 2. There were many comments from the audience, and there was general support for the NCHS-proposed Option 2, moving CFS from Chapter 18, Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical findings, not elsewhere classified, to Chapter 6, Diseases of the Nervous System but retaining separate codes for CFS and myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). The rationale for retaining separate codes included agreement on the importance of being able to extract data on the two conditions separately or combine, as needed. It was also noted that term ME is not seen in medical record documentation. Written comments received on this issue were inconclusive. There was not agreement that the two conditions are the same. While some comments were from private citizens, others were from advocacy organizations and associations that represent health care providers and other large constituencies that use the classification. The public comment period following the meeting is not meant as a poll or survey. Analysis of public comment focused on the substance of the comments; whether there was a clear scientific consensus regarding the etiology and manifestations of the condition; and an understanding of the classification, its structure and conventions, and its uses by the health care industry.

As noted in the information from the September 2011 presentation, the cause or causes of CFS remain unknown, despite a vigorous search. While a single cause for CFS may yet be identified, another possibility is that CFS represents a spectrum of illnesses resulting from multiple possible pathways. Conditions that have been proposed to trigger the development of CFS include infections, trauma, immune dysfunction, stress, and exposure to toxins. Research in this area is ongoing.

There are several case definitions currently in use, some separating CFS from ME, and others merging the two conditions. The most widely used are the 1994 case definition (http://www.cdc.gov/cfs/case-definition/index.html ), the Canadian and the Oxford definitions. A new case definition for ME was published in the 2011 international consensus criteria that emphasized recent research and clinical experience that strongly point to widespread inflammation and multisystem symptoms and neuropathology. This new definition, which considers ME and CFS as synonymous terms, however, has not been widely vetted by the health care community at large. While there is no consensus on one case definition, there is consensus that this is a serious and complex syndrome, and it is likely that there are multiple subgroups. It has been noted that some providers use the terms interchangeably while others consider one condition a subgroup of the other. There is also some overlap with fibromyalgia and CFS/ME could be considered one of the multiple chronic overlapping pain conditions.

References

1. Fukuda et al. Ann Intern Med (1994) 121:953-959
(http://www.cdc.gov/cfs/case-definition/1994.html )
2. Holmes et al. Ann Intern Med (1988) 108:387-389.
3. Sharpe et al. J Roy Soc Med (1991) 84:118-121
4. Carruthers et al. J CFS (2003) 11:7-97
5. Carruthers et al.. J Intern Med (2011) 270: 327-38.

The Coalition 4 ME/CFS has stated that they do not support Option 2 proposed in September 2011 and have submitted a revised proposal. A revised Option 2 is also being proposed, consistent with comments received supporting Option 2 as noted above. The Coalition is also requesting that their proposal be considered for implementation prior to October 1, 2014 even though the condition is not a new disease and therefore does not meet the criteria for implementation during the partial freeze.

Based on the above, the following proposals for consideration are:

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For comparison, the proposal that had been presented by CDC at the September 2011 meeting in counterpoint to an earlier proposal presented by the Coalition 4 ME/CFS at that same meeting was this:

 

 

Instead of Title term G93.3 Postviral and other chronic fatigue syndromes (CDC Option 2, September 2011)

CDC suggests retaining the Title term G93.3 Postviral fatigue syndrome (CDC Option 2, September 2012).

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Instead of Child category G93.31 Postviral fatigue syndrome, Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis

CDC is now suggesting two categories for Postviral fatigue syndrome, thus:

G93.30 Postviral fatigue syndrome, unspecified, Postviral fatigue syndrome NOS (not otherwise specified)

with a discrete Child category G93.31 Myalgic encephalomyelitis, Benign myalgic encephalomyelitis.

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No suggested change to the September 2011 CDC Option 2 suggestion for Child categories:

G93.32 Chronic fatigue syndrome, Chronic fatigue syndrome NOS.

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Related posts:

Coding CFS in ICD-10-CM: CFSAC and the Coalition4ME/CFS initiative

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Summary document (CFS coding)

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting September 14, 2011 (Coding of CFS in ICD-10-CM)

Response to Recommendations from November 2011 CFSAC meeting

Response to Recommendations from November 2011 CFSAC meeting

Post #203 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2ur

The response from the Assistant Secretary for Health to Recommendations from the November 2011 CFSAC meeting is now available on the CFSAC website at: http://1.usa.gov/OghDXF

http://www.hhs.gov/advcomcfs/asst-sect-letter2012.pdf

or open here  asst-sect-letter2012

Text:

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Washington, D.C. 20201
AUG -3 2012
Gailen Marshall Jr., MD, PhD

Chair, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee
Professor and Chair Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
The University of Mississippi Medical Center 2300
North State Street, N416 Jackson, MS 39216-4505

Dear Dr. Marshall:

I have received the recommendations developed by the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee (CFSAC) during its November 8-9, 2011, meeting. The advice and counsel provided by CFSAC serves as a valuable resource in the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) efforts to properly address the issues and concerns pertaining to chronic fatigue syndrome.

Since the meeting the Department has carefully considered your recommendations. Dr. Nancy Lee, the Designated Federal Officer for CFSAC, has worked collaboratively with the ex officio representatives to the committee to provide responses to the recommendations developed at the meeting. The enclosed document contains information about activities currently undertaken by HHS to work with public health experts and members of the chronic fatigue syndrome community to increase knowledge and provide a better understanding of this debilitating health condition.

I have shared the committee’s recommendations with Secretary Kathleen Sebelius.

The Department is committed to addressing this condition. I commend you and your committee members for the important work you do.

Sincerely yours,
/s/Howard K. Koh
Howard K. Koh, M.D., M.P.H. Assistant Secretary for Health

Enclosure

cc: Dr. Christopher R. Snell
U.S. Public Health Service

RESPONSES TO RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME ADVISORY COMMITTEE (CFSAC)

REF: November 8-9, 2011 CFSAC Meeting

Recommendation 1: This recommendation addresses the process by which CFSAC transmits recommendations to the Secretary and the Secretary communicates back to CFSAC whether or not a recommendation was acted upon. CFSAC recommends that this process be transparent and clearly articulated to include regular feedback on the status of the Committee’s recommendations. This communication could originate directly from the Office of the Secretary or be transmitted via the relevant agency or agencies.

Procedures are in place to ensure that recommendations made by federal advisory committees are properly handled. The CFSAC charter stipulates that the Committee provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary, through the Assistant Secretary for Health (ASH). Initially, the CFSAC recommendations are sent to the ASH for review. After reviewing the recommendations, the ASH forwards them to appropriate officials within the Office of the Secretary and the Operating and/or Staff Divisions that may be impacted by the Committee’s recommendations. A letter is sent to acknowledge receipt of the recommendations. A response may be prepared to accompany the letter which describes any actions that the Department may take in response to the recommendations made by the Committee. All pertinent information about the recommendations is provided to the designated Federal officer (DFO). The DFO then provides the information to the Chair and the Committee.

Recommendation 2: CFSAC recommends to the Secretary that the NIH or other appropriate agency issue a Request for Application (RFA) for clinical trials research on chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS).

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) funds research on myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS); investigators are encouraged to submit proposals for ME/CFS research, including clinical trials, through two funding announcements that are currently open for submission of applications. The next deadline for receipt of applications is October 24, 2012. In fiscal year 2011, NIH funded two applications for clinical trials on ME/CFS. NIH has received few applications proposing ME/CFS research, and even fewer applications proposing ME/CFS clinical trials. It is unclear whether the paucity of ME/CFS clinical trial applications reflects the current status of the field or an acknowledgement that clinical trials are difficult to design for a complex and multi-faceted illness. Clinical trials are challenging to design and conduct for all diseases, with basic requirements of a well-defined patient population, valid measurement instruments, appropriate safeguards for subjects, and generalizability of the clinical trial outcomes to the larger affected patient population. NIH is taking action to stimulate ME/CFS research across NIH through the regular monthly meetings of the Trans-NIH ME/CFS Working Group (WG). The WG discusses the current status of ongoing research on ME/CFS and proposes methods to increase the number and quality of research applications submitted to NIH ranging from preclinical research to clinical trials. In addition, the WG is focusing on the recommendations from the April 2011 State of the Knowledge Workshop on ME/CFS to develop priorities. The outcome from these planning sessions will suggest a range of activities and research.

Recommendation 3: CFSAC would like to encourage and support the creation of the DHHS Interagency Working Group on Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and ask this group to work together to pool resources that would put into place the “Centers of Excellence” concept that has been recommended repeatedly by this advisory committee. Specifically, CFSAC encourages utilizing HHS agency programs and demonstration projects, available through the various agencies, to develop and coordinate an effort supporting innovative platforms that facilitate evaluation and treatment, research, and public and provider education. These could take the form of appropriately staffed physical locations, or be virtual networks comprising groups of qualified individuals who interact through a variety of electronic media. Outreach and availability to underserved populations, including people who do not have access to expert care, should be a priority in this effort.

HHS leadership has identified the need for a Department-wide plan to address ME/CFS. The Department established the HHS Ad Hoc Workgroup on ME/CFS to develop a plan and to identify opportunities for interagency collaboration. The HHS ME/CFS plan will highlight recently initiated programs and future agency-specific and cross-agency activities. In developing the report, the Ad Hoc Workgroup will consider recommendations made by CFSAC. After completion, the ME/CFS plan will be posted on the CFSAC website. The DFO, Nancy C. Lee, M.D. is responsible for providing leadership and coordination for development of the HHS ME/CFS report.

Recommendation 4: This multi-part recommendation pertains to classification of CFS in ICD classification systems:

a) CFSAC considers CFS to be a multi-system disease and rejects any proposal to classify ME/CFS as a psychiatric condition in the U.S. disease classification systems.

b) CFSAC rejects the current classification of ME/CFS in Chapter 18 of ICD-9-CM under R53.82, chronic fatigue unspecified, chronic fatigue syndrome, not otherwise specified.

c) CFSAC continues to recommend that ME/CFS should be classified in ICD-IO-CM in Chapter 6 under Diseases of the Nervous System at G93.3 in line with ICD-IO, the World Health Organization, and ICD-I-CA [sic], the Canadian Clinical Modification and in accordance with CFSAC’s recommendations of August 2005 and May 2011. CFSAC rejects CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Option 2 and recommends that ME/CFS remain in the same code and the same subcode as myalgic encephalomyelitis because CFS includes both viral and non-viral triggers.

d) CFSAC recommends that an “excludes one”* be added to G93.3 for chronic fatigue, R53.82, and neurasthenia, F48.8. CFSAC recommends that these changes be made in ICD-10-CM prior to its rollout in 2013.**

[*Ed: Should read “Excludes 1”. For definitions for “Excludes1″ and “Excludes2″ see Post #118]

[**Ed: On August 3, HHS announced Final Rule to delay compliance date for ICD-10-CM/PCS to October 1, 2014.]

Development and implementation of the guidelines for the lCD-10 fall within HHS under the purview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Use of the revised codes will provide robust and specific data that will improve patient care and enable the international comparability of health care data. On February 16, 2012, the Department issued a press release announcing that HHS would initiate a process to postpone the date that certain health care entities must comply with the ICD-10.

A proposal to change the classification of ME/CFS in ICD-10-CM was presented at the September 2011 Coordination and Maintenance (C & M) Committee/CDC/NCHS; a subsequent proposal was received on January 12, 2012 and will be presented at the September 19, 2012 C & M meeting for additional discussion.

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Notice of Meeting of the ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee

Coding CFS in ICD-10-CM: CFSAC and the Coalition4ME/CFS initiative

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting Summary document (CFS coding)

Extracts: ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting September 14, 2011 (Coding of CFS in ICD-10-CM)

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