Psychologists’ perspectives on the diagnostic classification of mental disorders: Results from the WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey

Post #263 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-3dj

Psychologists’ perspectives on the diagnostic classification of mental disorders: Results from the WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey

Int J Psychol. 2013 Jun 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Psychologists’ perspectives on the diagnostic classification of mental disorders: Results from the WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey.

Evans SC, Reed GM, Roberts MC, Esparza P, Watts AD, Correia JM, Ritchie P, Maj M, Saxena S.
Source
a Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence , KS, USA.

Abstract

This study examined psychologists’ views and practices regarding diagnostic classification systems for mental and behavioral disorders so as to inform the development of the ICD-11 by the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO and the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS) conducted a multilingual survey of 2155 psychologists from 23 countries, recruited through their national psychological associations. Sixty percent of global psychologists routinely used a formal classification system, with ICD-10 used most frequently by 51% and DSM-IV by 44%. Psychologists viewed informing treatment decisions and facilitating communication as the most important purposes of classification, and preferred flexible diagnostic guidelines to strict criteria. Clinicians favorably evaluated most diagnostic categories, but identified a number of problematic diagnoses. Substantial percentages reported problems with crosscultural applicability and cultural bias, especially among psychologists outside the USA and Europe. Findings underscore the priority of clinical utility and professional and cultural differences in international psychology. Implications for ICD-11 development and dissemination are discussed.

PMID: 23750927

[PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Slide Presentation: Aug 3, 2012

The WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey of Psychologists’ Attitudes Toward Mental Disorders Classification.

Download PDF WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey slides

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More information on this WHO study can be found on Page 7 (3.) of this report:

http://www.apa.org/international/outreach/icd-report-2012.pdf

2012 Annual Report of the International Union of Psychological Science to the American Psychological Association

Revision of World Health Organization’s ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders

Pierre L.-J. Ritchie, Ph.D., Main Representative to the World Health Organization, International Union of Psychological Science, January, 2013

Click link for PDF document    WHO-IUPsyS ICD Survey Report Report 2012

This report also sets out the responsibilities of ICD Revision working groups, on Page 3 (1.1), and gives some information on the field studies for ICD-11 and ICD11-PHC, on Page 8 (4.)

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The earlier study: WPA-WHO Global Survey of Psychiatrists’ Attitudes Towards Mental Disorders Classification can be downloaded here: 

The WPA-WHO Global Survey of Psychiatrists’ Attitudes Towards Mental Disorders Classification

World Psychiatry 2011;10:118-131

Research report

Geoffrey M Reed, João Mendonça Correia, Patricia Esparza, Shekhar Saxena, Mario Maj

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Trouble with timelines (1) DSM-5, ICD-10-CM, ICD-11 and ICD-11-CM

Trouble with timelines (1): DSM-5, ICD-10-CM, ICD-11 and ICD-11-CM

Post #198 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2qr

Update at March 7, 2014: ICD-11 has been postponed by two years. It is now scheduled for presentation for World Health Assembly approval in 2017.

Update at August 15, 2012: On Page 3, I stated that Steven Hyman, MD, is a DSM-5 Task Force Member and that Dr Hyman chairs the meetings of the  International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders. According to the DSM-5 Development site, Dr Hyman is no longer a member of the DSM-5 Task Force, having served from 2007-2012. I cannot confirm whether Dr Hyman continues involvement with the International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders though his name remains listed on the WHO site page, or on what date or for what reason Dr Hyman stood down from the DSM-5 Task Force.

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While the US health care industry, professional bodies and clinical practices sweat on the announcement of a final rule for ICD-10-CM compliance and speculation continues over the feasibility of leapfrogging from ICD-9-CM to ICD-11, I thought I’d run through the timelines.

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DSM-5: ETA: May 18-22, 2013

Originally slated for publication in May 2012.

In December 2009, the American Psychiatric Association shifted release of DSM-5 to May 2013, in response to slipping targets. With no changes to the published Timeline and no intimation of further delays, I’m assuming DSM-5 remains on target.

The final manual is scheduled for submission to American Psychiatric Publishing by December 31, 2012, for official release, next May, during APA’s 2013 Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

Following closure of the third and final public review on June 15, 2012, draft proposals for disorder descriptions and criteria sets as published on the DSM-5 Development website were frozen. The DSM-5 website will not be updated with any further revisions made by the work groups between June 15 and going to print. Final criteria sets and manual content are under strict embargo until publication [1].

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ICD-10-CM: ETA: Compliance mandatory by October 1, 2013; Final Rule to be announced on CMS’s proposal to delay compliance date to October 1, 2014

The development process for ICD-10-CM is as old as God’s dog.

WHO published ICD-10 in 1992. Twenty years on, while the rest of the world has long since migrated to ICD-10, the US is still waiting to transition from ICD-9-CM to a US specific clinical modification of ICD-10. The US is still using a modification based on WHO’s long since retired, ICD-9, and a code set that is now over 35 years old.

The Tabular List and preliminary crosswalk between ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM were posted on the NCHS website for public comment in December 1997. Field testing took place nearly ten years ago, in the summer of 2003.

The proposed rule for the adoption of ICD-10-CM/PCS was published in August 2008 with a proposed compliance date of October 1, 2011. In January 2009, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published a final rule adopting ICD-10-CM/PCS to replace ICD-9-CM in HIPAA transactions, with an effective compliance date of October 1, 2013.

On February 16, 2012, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sibelius announced intent to postpone the compliance date for adoption of ICD-10-CM/PCS codes sets for a further year, to October 1, 2014 to allow more time for providers, payers and vendors to prepare for transition.

Public comment on the proposed rule closed in June. An imminent decision on a final compliance rule is anticipated but no date by which a decision would be announced has been issued.

Annual updated releases of ICD-10-CM and associated documentation have been posted on the CDC website for public viewing since January 2009.

CMS has issued the 2013 release of ICD-10-CM and General Equivalence Mappings (GEMs) which replace the December 2011 release. Until an implementation date is reached, codes in the 2013 release of ICD-10-CM are not currently valid for any purpose or use but are available for public viewing on the CDC website.

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Partial Code freeze for ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM

At the September 15, 2010 public ICD-9-CM Coordination and Maintenance Committee Meeting it was announced that the committee had finalized its recommendation to impose a partial code freeze for ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM/PCS codes prior to implementation of ICD-10-CM. Partial Code Freeze Announcement [PDF]

October 1, 2011 was the last major update of ICD-10-CM/PCS until October 1, 2014. Between October 1, 2011 and October 1, 2014 proposals for revisions to ICD-10-CM/PCS will be considered only for new diseases/new technology procedures and minor revisions to correct reported errors. Regular (at least annual) updates to ICD-10-CM/PCS will resume on October 1, 2014.

These Partial Code Freeze dates are based on the original compliance date of October 1, 2013. It’s reported that postponement of the requirement for compliance until October 1, 2014 would also push back scheduled ICD-10-CM coding updates.

If the proposed compliance date of October 1, 2014 is instituted, adoption of ICD-10-CM would become mandatory around 18 months after publication of DSM-5. The first regular updates to ICD-10-CM would resume one year post compliance date, that is, from October 1, 2015.

Continued on Page 2

Slide presentation: Per Fink: Somatoform disorders – functional somatic syndromes – Bodily distress syndrome (EACLPP lecture, June 2012)

Slide presentation: Per Fink: Somatoform disorders – functional somatic syndromes – Bodily distress syndrome (EACLPP lecture, June 2012)

Post #197 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2pN

Slide presentation: Per Fink: Somatoform disorders – functional somatic syndromes – Bodily distress syndrome (EACLPP lecture, June 2012)

23 slides in PDF format (i.e. no PowerPoint viewer required)

       EACLPP Per Fink Somatoform Disorders

Aarhus University Hospital

The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics

Somatoform disorders – functional somatic syndromes – Bodily distress syndrome.

Need for care and organisation of care in an international perspective – EACLPP Lecture

Prof. Per Fink

MD, Ph.D, Dr.Med.Sc.

www.functionaldisorders.dk

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June 2012 EACLPP Annual Conference*

*The European Association of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics (EACLPP) and the European Network of Psychosomatic Medicine (ECPR) have recently merged the two associations to create a new society – the European Association of Psychosomatic Medicine (EAPM).

The Annual Scientific Meeting of the European Association for Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics (EACLPP) and the European Conference on Psychosomatic Research (ECPR) was entitled

“Towards a New Agenda: Cross-disciplinary Approach to Psychosomatic Medicine”

The conference was held in the city of Aarhus, Denmark, on 27 – 30 June 2012.

For last year’s conference, a report was published. I will post any report coming out of this year’s conference.

A Conference Abstract document be accessed here:

http://www.eaclpp-ecpr2012.dk/Home/DownloadOral

Selected Extracts:

Page 61 Nagel A

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf & Schön Klinik Hamburg-Eilbek, Germany, Voigt K Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Hamburg- Eppendorf & Schön Klinik Hamburg-Eilbek, Germany

Diagnostic validity of Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder: Which combination of psychological criteria is best suited for DSM-5?

Page 17 Budtz-Lilly A

The Research Unit for General Practice, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark

Bodily Distress Syndrome: A new diagnosis for functional disorders in primary care

Page 19 Escobar J

Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

An Update on DSM-5

Page 32 Fjorback L

Aarhus University Hospital, Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics

Mindfulness Therapy for Bodily Distress Syndrome – randomized trial, one-year follow-up, active control

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Notes on Fink et al and Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS)

According to Fink and colleagues, Bodily Distress Syndrome is a unifying diagnosis that encompasses somatization disorder, so-called “medically unexplained symptoms” (MUS), fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome and some other conditions which they consider to be closely related, with a likely shared underlying aetiology.

See paper: Fink P, Schröder A. One single diagnosis, bodily distress syndrome, succeeded to capture 10 diagnostic categories of functional somatic syndromes and somatoform disorders J Psychosom Res. 2010 May;68(5):415-26.

See article: Per Fink,a Marianne Rosendal b Understanding and Management of Functional Somatic Symptoms in Primary Care: The Concept of Functional Somatic Symptoms

aResearch Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
bResearch Unit for General Practice, University of Aarhus, Denmark

See Per Fink’s clinical trial for BDS: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01518647

See BDS clinician/patient manual: Specialised Treatment for Severe Bodily Distress Syndromes (STreSS)

According to a June 2012 EACLPP Conference Abstract, the concept of Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS) “is expected to be integrated into the upcoming versions of classification systems.”

The potential for inclusion of Bodily Distress Disorder/Syndrome within ICD-11 could have significant implications for patients, globally, who are diagnosed with one of the so-called “functional somatic syndromes.” These proposals require very close monitoring by patient organizations in those countries that will be implementing ICD-11, post 2015.

Research and clinical professionals, patient organizations and their professional advisors can register now with ICD Revision for input into the ongoing drafting process and urge organizations and professionals to engage in this process.

Abstracts, oral presentations, EACLPP Conference: 27 – 30 June 2012, Aarhus University Campus, Aarhus – Denmark

http://www.eaclpp-ecpr2012.dk/Home/DownloadOral

Extracts

Page 17 Budtz-Lilly A

The Research Unit for General Practice, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark

Bodily Distress Syndrome: A new diagnosis for functional disorders in primary care

Aim: Medically unexplained or functional symptoms and disorders are common in primary care. Empirical research has proposed specific criteria for a new unifying diagnosis for functional disorders and syndromes: Bodily Distress Syndrome (BDS). This new concept is expected to be integrated into the upcoming versions of classification systems.

And from Page 31 of the Conference Abstracts:

Fjorback L

Aarhus University Hospital, Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics

Mindfulness Therapy for Bodily Distress Syndrome – randomized trial, one-year follow-up, active control

Objective: To conduct a feasibility and efficacy trial of mindfulness therapy in somatization disorder and functional somatic syndromes such as fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome, defined as bodily distress syndrome (BDS)…

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References and related material:

1] Patients with medically unexplained symptoms and somatisation – a challenge for European health care systems: A white paper of the EACLPP Medically Unexplained Symptoms study group by Peter Henningsen and Francis Creed: http://www.eaclpp.org/working_groups.html
http://www.eaclpp.org/documents/Patientswithmedicallyunexplainedsymptomsandsomatisation_000.doc

2] Creed F, Guthrie E, Fink P, Henningsen P, Rief W, Sharpe M and White. Is there a better term than “Medically unexplained symptoms”? J Psychosom Res: Volume 68, Issue 1, Pages 5-8 January 2010) discusses the deliberations of the EACLPP MUS study group. Editorial also includes references to the DSM and ICD revision processes: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20004295

3] Fink P, Schröder A. One single diagnosis, bodily distress syndrome, succeeded to capture 10 diagnostic categories of functional somatic syndromes and somatoform disorders. J Psychosom Res. 2010 May;68(5):415-26. The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20403500

Fink P, Toft T, Hansen MS, Ørnbøl E, Olesen F. Symptoms and syndromes of bodily distress: an exploratory study of 978 internal medical, neurological, and primary care patients. Psychosom Med. 2007 Jan;69(1):30-9.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17244846
Full text: http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/content/69/1/30.full

Fink P, Rosendal, M. Recent developments in the understanding and management of functional somatic symptoms in primary care. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2008, 21:182–188

Rosendal M, Fink P, Falkoe E, Schou Hansen H, Olesen F. Improving the Classification of Medically Unexplained Symptoms in Primary Care. Eur. J. Psychiat. v.21 n.1 Zaragoza ene.-mar. 2007
Text: http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0213-61632007000100004
PDF: http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/ejpen/v21n1/improv3.pdf

4] EURASMUS  http://eurasmus.net/
The multidisciplinary European Research Association for Somatisation and Medically Unexplained Symptoms(EURASMUS) was formed to study the genetic, psychological and physiological mechanisms underlying bodily distress. Co-convenors: Francis Creed, Peter Henningsen

5] Notes from EACLPP Workgroup meeting in Budapest July 2011

EACLPP_WG_Medically_Unexplained_Symptoms_Budapest_2011

Report from Working group meeting on MUS/somatisation/bodily distress, Budapest July 1st 2011

“…We should find out whether the WHO group for classification of somatic distress and dissociative disorders will provide a better diagnostic system for these disorders.”

6] Article: ‘Heartsinks’ and weird symptoms by Tony Dowell, June 15, 2011.

Article Table: Functional somatic syndromes according to medical speciality:
http://www.nzdoctor.co.nz/media/671495/heartsinks.pdf

Round up: ICD-11 PHC, ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders, Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders, ASHA DSM-5 comments

Round up: ICD- 11 PHC; ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders; Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders; ASHA DSM-5 comments

1] Paper: The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings By David P. Goldberg, James J. Prisciandaro, Paul Williams

2] The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed), World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

3] Monograph: Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11 By Shekhar Saxena, Patricia Esparza, Darrel A. Regier, Norman Sartorius

4] Submissions to DSM-5 public reviews for drafts one, two and three by The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Post #195 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2pa

This post relates to the World Health Organization’s ICD-11 and ICD-11 PHC (Primary Care version), both currently under development. It does not apply to the existing ICD-10, ICD-10 PHC or to the forthcoming US specific “clinical modification” of ICD-10, known as ICD-10-CM.

Note on ICD-10 PHC and ICD-11 PHC

ICD-10 PHC (sometimes written as ICD-10-PHC or ICD10-PHC or ICD-10 PC), is a simplified version of the WHO’s ICD-10 chapter for mental and behavioural disorders for use in general practice and primary health care settings. This system has rough but not exact equivalence to mental disorders in the core ICD-10 classification.

The ICD-10 PHC describes 25 disorders commonly managed within primary care as opposed to circa 450 classified within Chapter V of ICD-10.

A chart showing the grouping of categories adapted from the full ICD-10 version for the existing ICD-10 PHC categories can be found here.

The revision of ICD-10 PHC, ICD-11 PHC, is currently under development.

Professor, Sir David Goldberg, M.D., Emeritus Professor, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College, London, is a member of the DSM-5 Mood Disorders Work Group. Prof Goldberg also chairs the Consultation Group for Classification in Primary Care that is making recommendations for the 28 mental and behavioural disorders proposed for inclusion in ICD-11 PHC.

The majority of patients with mental health problems are diagnosed and managed by general practitioners in primary care – not by psychiatrists and mental health specialists. ICD10-PHC is used in developed and developing countries in general medical settings and also used in the training of medical officers, nurses and multi purpose health workers.

Further information on ICD-10 PHC and the development of the mental health disorders section of ICD-11 PHC can be found in these two documents:

1] Goldberg, D. Guest editorial. A revised mental health classification for use in general medical settings: the ICD11–PHC 1. International Psychiatry, Page 1, February 2011.
http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/IPv8n1.pdf

2] 21st Century Global Mental Health by Dr Eliot Sorel, Professor, George Washington University, Washington D.C.
Publication date: August, 2012: http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449627874/
Page 51, Sample Chapter 2: http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449627874/Chapter2.pdf

ICD Revision publishes the names and bios of members of the ICD-11 Revision Steering Group, ICD-11 Topic Advisory Groups, and International Advisory Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders.

But membership of the various sub working groups to the Topic Advisory Groups (TAGs), the names of external peer reviewers recruited by TAG Managing Editors for reviewing proposals and content and the membership of the advisory/consultation groups for the revision of the ICD Primary Care version have not been published by ICD-11 Revision.

The Abstract below lists members of the (WHO) Primary Care Consultation Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders.

1] Paper: The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings

http://www.ghpjournal.com/article/S0163-8343(12)00197-1/abstract

The primary health care version of ICD-11: the detection of common mental disorders in general medical settings

26 July 2012

David P. Goldberg, James J. Prisciandaro, Paul Williams

David P. Goldberg
Affiliations Primary Care Consultation Group, World Health Organization; and Institute of Psychiatry, KCL, London, UK

James J. Prisciandaro
Affiliations Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston SC, USA
Corresponding author.

Paul Williams
Affiliations Health Services & Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, KCL, London, UK

Received 31 January 2012; accepted 19 June 2012. published online 26 July 2012.
Corrected Proof

Abstract

Background

The primary health care version of the ICD-11 is currently being revised.

Aim
To test two brief sets of symptoms for depression and anxiety in primary care settings, and validate them against diagnoses of major depression and current generalised anxiety made by the CIDI.

Method
The study took place in general medical or primary care clinics in 14 different countries, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview adapted for primary care (CIDI-PC) in 5,438 patients. The latent structure of common symptoms was explored, and two symptom scales were derived from item response theory (IRT), these were then investigated against research diagnoses.

Results
Correlations between dimensions of anxious, depressive and somatic symptoms were found to be high. For major depression the 5 item depression scale has marked superiority over the usual 2 item scales used by both the ICD and DSM systems, and for anxiety there is some superiority. If the questions are used with patients that the clinician suspects may have a psychological disorder, the positive predictive value of the scale is between 78 and 90%.

Conclusion
The two scales allow clinicians to make diagnostic assessments of depression and anxiety with a high positive predictive value, provided they use them only when they suspect that a psychological disorder is present.

This article is partly based on the work of the World Health Organization (WHO) Primary Care Consultation Group for the Revision of ICD-10 Mental and Behavioural Disorders, of which the first author is Chair. Other members of the group include Michael Klinkman (GP, United States; Vice Chairman); Sally Chan (nurse, Singapore), Tony Dowell (GP, New Zealand) Sandra Fortes (psychiatrist, Brazil), Linda Gask (psychiatrist, UK), KS Jacob (psychiatrist, India), Tai-Pong Lam (GP, Hong Kong), Joseph Mbatia (psychiatrist, Tanzania), Fareed Minhas (psychiatrist, Pakistan), Marianne Rosendal (GP, Denmark), assisted by WHO Secretariat Geoffrey Reed and Shekhar Saxena. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and, except as specifically noted, are not intended to represent the official policies and positions of the Primary Care Consultation Group or of the WHO.

Competing interests: David Goldberg is a consultant for Ultrasis and advises the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association.

James Prisciandaro and Paul Williams have no competing interests

PII: S0163-8343(12)00197-1

doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.06.006

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2] The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed), World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

The PDF of this publication is free.

Note regarding references within these commentaries to DSM-5 proposals: Some of these commentaries were written prior to the release of the third DSM-5 draft for public review, in May 2012, and quote draft proposals as they had stood for the second draft.

For example, the commentary Hypochondriasis in ICD-11 by D.J. Stein, on Page 100, sets out in narrative form the DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder Work Group proposals and criteria for Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder as they had stood in May 2011 and are not the most recent iteration.

DSM-5 proposals have not been finalized. Proposals as they stood in May 2012 for the third and final public review may be subject to further change before DSM-5 is published in May 2013. Please refer to the DSM-5 Development website for the most recent proposals and criteria sets for the categories and proposed categories that are discussed in these commentaries.

http://www.wpanet.org/uploads/WPA-WHO_Collaborative_Activities/WP_ICD-11%20Supplement.pdf

July 2012

The ICD-11 Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders: background and options (Guest Editors: Mario Maj, Geoffrey M. Reed) World Psychiatry, Volume 11, Supplement 1, June 2012

Contents

The development of the ICD-11 classification of mood and anxiety disorders

M. Maj, G.M. Reed Page 3

How global epidemiological evidence can inform the revision of ICD-10 classification of depression and anxiety disorders

L.H. Andrade, Y.-P. Wang Page 6

Specifiers as aids to treatment selection and clinical management in the ICD classification of mood disorders

D.J. Miklowitz, M.B. First Page 11

Challenges in the implementation of diagnostic specifiers for mood disorders in ICD-11

M.B. First Page 17

Cultural issues in the classification and diagnosis of mood and anxiety disorders

S. Chakrabarti, C. Berlanga, F. Njenga Page 26

Bipolar disorders in ICD-11

S.M. Strakowski Page 31

Changes needed in the classification of depressive disorders: options for ICD-11

E. Paykel, L.H. Andrade, F. Njenga, M.R. Phillips Page 37

Differentiating depression from ordinary sadness: contextual, qualitative and pragmatic approaches

M. Maj Page 43

Severity of depressive disorders: considerations for ICD-11

J.L. Ayuso-Mateos, P. Lopez-García Page 48

Dysthymia and cyclothymia in ICD-11

M.R. Phillips Page 53

Psychotic and catatonic presentations in bipolar and depressive disorders

S. Chakrabarti Page 59

Mixed states and rapid cycling: conceptual issues and options for ICD-11

M. Maj Page 65

How should melancholia be incorporated in ICD-11?

D. Moussaoui, M. Agoub, A. Khoubila Page 69

Postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: options for ICD-11

M.L. Figueira, V. Videira Dias Page 73

Disruptive mood dysregulation with dysphoria disorder: a proposal for ICD-11

E. Leibenluft, R. Uher, M. Rutter Page 77

Generalized anxiety disorder in ICD-11

M.K. Shear Page 82

Agoraphobia and panic disorder: options for ICD-11

D.J. Stein Page 89

Specific and social phobias in ICD-11

P.M.G. Emmelkamp Page 94

Hypochondriasis in ICD-11

D.J. Stein Page 100

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3] Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11

Note: Substantial extracts from this DSM-5 and ICD-11 monograph can be previewed online on the Amazon site via the “LOOKINSIDE!” function. Greater access to preview content is available to Amazon account holders.  Extracts can also be previewed via Google:

Preview via Amazon “LOOKINSIDE!”:

http://www.amazon.com/Aspects-Diagnosis-Classification-Behavioral-Disorders/dp/0890423490#reader_0890423490

Preview via Google Books:

http://tinyurl.com/DSM5-ICD11-Monograph

Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for Dsm-5 and ICD-11

By Shekhar Saxena, Patricia Esparza, Darrel A. Regier, Norman Sartorius

(c) 2012

Paperback: 303 pages
Publisher: American Psychiatric Publishing; 1 edition (April 30, 2012)

Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11
[Paperback]

Shekhar Saxena (Author), Patricia Esparza (Author), Darrel A. Regier (Author), Benedetto Saraceno (Author), Norman Sartorius (Author)

Shekhar Saxena, M.D.,is Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.

Patricia Esparza, Ph.D.,is Research Professor and clinical psychologist in the Department of Psychology and Counseling at Webster University in Geneva, Switzerland.

Darrel A. Regier, M.D., M.P.H.,is Director of the American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education and Director of the Division of Research at the American Psychiatric Association in Arlington, Virginia; and Vice-Chair of the DSM-5 Task Force.

Benedetto Saraceno, M.D.,FRCPsych,is Professor of Psychiatry and Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Mental Health of the University of Geneva in Geneva, Switzerland.

Norman Sartorius, M.D., Ph.D.,is President of the Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programs in Geneva, Switzerland.

Book Description
Publication Date: April 30, 2012 | ISBN-10: 0890423490 | ISBN-13:
978-0890423493 | Edition: 1

“Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11” provides a comprehensive summary of the current state of mental health classification in the United States and internationally, fostering a better understanding of primary research and clinical needs and facilitating the efforts of service planners, researchers and trainees to address current use of psychiatric diagnosis in the public health sector. The volume reflects the proceedings of a research planning conference convened by the APA and World Health Organization (WHO) that focused on public health aspects of the diagnosis and classification of mental disorders. Highly relevant to the ongoing development of DSM-5 and ICD-11, the book includes the background papers prepared and presented by the Conference Expert Groups. The resulting collection: – Discusses the current state of mental illness prevention efforts and the role of public health in supporting them–critical topics, given that development of effective strategies to reduce mental illness around the world depends on the accuracy with which risk and protective factors can be identified, defined, and understood. – Features international perspectives on public health implications of psychiatric diagnosis, classification, and service, providing viewpoints that are broad and more globally relevant. – Views mental health education, and awareness on a macro level, including its impact on social and economic policy, forensics and the legal system, and education. This approach facilitates the continued development of a research base in community health and promotes the establishment of programs for monitoring, treating, and preventing mental illness. – Addresses many fascinating and clinically relevant issues, such as those raised by the concept and the definition of mental disorders and how these impact psychiatric services and practice by individual providers.

This collection should prove useful to the advisory groups, task forces, and working groups for the revision of these two classifications, as well as for researchers in the area of diagnosis and classification, and more generally in public health.

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4] Submissions to DSM-5 public reviews for drafts one, two and three by The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) represents people with speech, language, and hearing disorders and advocates for services to help them communicate effectively.

ASHA submitted comments during all three DSM-5 draft comment periods:

ASHA submission April 2010 [PDF]; June 2011 [PDF]; June 2012 [PDF]

ASHA Letter sent June 2012 [PDF]

DSM-V Revisions To Move Forward (ASHA Leader article)

all documents available from this page:

http://www.asha.org/SLP/DSM-5/

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Key ICD-11 links and documents

ICD-11 Beta drafting platform  |  Publicly viewable version

WHO ICD Revision  |  Main WHO website: Revision Steering Group and Topic Advisory Groups
ICD-11 Revision site  |  Revision resources [Google site currently unavailable]
ICD-11 Revision site Documents Page  |  Key revision documents and meeting materials  [Google site currently unavailable]

ICD-11 Revision Information  |
ICD-11 Timeline  |

ICD Information Sheet  |

Revision News  |
Steering Group  |
Topic Advisory Groups  |

ICD-11 YouTube Channel  |  Video reports
ICD-11 on Facebook  |
ICD-11 on Twitter  |
ICD-11 Blog  |  Not updated since October 2009

ICD-11 YouTubes collated on Dx Revision Watch ICD-11 YouTubes  |

WHO Publications

ICD-10 Tabular List online Version: 2010  |  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision Version: 2010, Tabular List of inclusions and Chapter List

ICD-10 Volume 2: Instruction Manual  |  Volume 2 online Version: 2010 PDF Download

ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Diagnostic Criteria for Research  |  PDF download
ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines  |  PDF download

ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index  |  WHO does not make ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index available online

About the World Health Organization (WHO)

The WHO Family of International Classifications  

History of ICD

ICD-11 Revision Beta drafting process: stakeholder participation

ICD-11 Revision Beta drafting process: stakeholder participation

Post #194 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2nw

Information in this report relates to the World Health Organization’s ICD-11, currently under development. It does not apply to the existing ICD-10 or to the forthcoming US specific “clinical modification” of ICD-10, known as ICD-10-CM.

Update at August 2, 2012:

ICD-11 Slide Presentation:     Harrison Slides 2011 PDF 3MB

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Update at August 2, 2012:

Dr Robert J.G. Chalmers, co-chair and managing editor of ICD Revision Dermatology Topic Advisory Group put out a call, yesterday, on the website of the American Academy of Dermatology Association (AAD) for input into the Beta draft for Chapter 12 Diseases of the skin:

An invitation to contribute to the future of dermatology

ICD-11 Update

By Robert J.G. Chalmers

ICD-11 draft is ready for comments and criticism

By Robert J.G. Chalmers, MB, FRCP, August 01, 2012

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When will ICD-11 be ready for dissemination?

Slipping targets

The revision of ICD-10 and development of the structure for ICD-11 began in 2007.

ICD-11 was originally planned to be ready for dissemination by 2012, with the timelines for the revisions of ICD-10 and DSM-IV running more or less in parallel. Source: Archive documents, References [1] [2].

Very early on in the revision process, the ICD-11 dissemination date was extended from 2012 to 2015. In 2009, launch of the Beta draft was timelined for May 2011, with the final draft scheduled for submission to World Health Assembly (WPA) for approval in 2014.

In order to be ready for global implementation in 2015, the technical work on ICD-11 would need to be completed by 2012. Source: Dr Geoffrey Reed, Ph.D., May 2009, via personal correspondence.

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ICD-11 still at the Beta drafting stage

In early 2011, in response to slipping targets for content population and software development, ICD Revision and WHO-FIC were discussing the pros and cons of postponing the launch of a Beta drafting platform until later that year or until May 2012, and whether an interim solution might be to launch “a hybrid model of opening the revision process to public comment and suggestions at the same time not a full scale beta phase with field trials…”

Sources: Slide presentation: ICD Revision Paediatrics Meeting, Ankara, Turkey, February 28 – March 1, 2011;
Report: WHO-FIC Council conference call, February 16, 2011: Page 6: 
PDF for Report [3]

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Launch of the Beta delayed

The decision was made to delay launching the Beta draft until May 2012. With the Alpha and Beta stages already running a year or more behind 2009 targets, it’s not clear how much time can be allocated for completing the Beta phase and two year field trials period – if the target for a final version for public viewing in 2014 is going to be reached.

According to the ICD-11 Timeline, presentation for World Health Assembly approval has been shifted to May 2015 and in this paper, published in March 2012 by Christopher Chute, MD, (Chair, ICD-11 Revision Steering Group) et al, publication of ICD-11 is now expected “around 2016.”

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“…And just a small detail: who will do all this work?” [4]

ICD-11 is a very ambitious project.

The burden of drafting and liaison is being carried out largely via electronic means between individuals scattered across the globe and in addition to their clinical and academic responsibilities.

Given the scale of the undertaking, its technical complexity, limited funding and human resources, lack of an overall project manager, reported communication problems between WHO, Revision Steering Group, Topic Advisory Group managing editors and members and the amount of work that remains to be completed, I cannot see this vision of WHO’s Bedirhan Üstün reaching fruition by 2016.

There are some interesting comments in this Agenda Appendix (Page 6 of 10) on project funding, lack of resources, project management and lines of communication: ICD-11 April 11 Meeting Agenda

For make-up of the Revision Steering Group (RSG) and the various Topic Advisory Groups (TAGs) see links at end of post. Membership of the various sub working groups to Topic Advisory Groups and the names of external peer reviewers of proposals and content have not been published by ICD-11 Revision.

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Where can the Beta drafting platform be viewed?

ICD Revision Steering Group and the various Topic Advisory Groups that are developing the Beta draft are working on an electronic collaborative authoring platform, called the iCAT, on a password protected server accessible only by WHO classification experts, Revision Steering Group, Topic Advisory Group Managing Editors and revision process IT personnel and software developers. It looks similar to this:

For more views of the iCAT see Slides 20-25 and Slide 39 of this 2011 slide presentation:

ICD-11 Slide Presentation:     Harrison Slides 2011 PDF 3MB

The iCAT platform is more complex than the publicly viewable version of the Beta platform and has a mechanism for recording change histories which tracks additions, deletions and revisions to the draft as ICD chapters are reorganized and new content generated and populated.

Population of content is managed by the Topic Advisory Group (TAG) Managing Editors following review by the Revision Steering Group. Structural changes to the classification, eg changing parent/child relationships and editing the linearizations can only be done by TAG Managing Editors in liaison with WHO classification experts. Source: Drafting Workflow text and chart [MS Word]; Swim Lane Workflow chart [PDF].

The publicly viewable version of the Beta drafting platform, which was launched in May 2012, looks like this:

With no change histories displaying in the public version of the Beta it is difficult for stakeholders to track proposed hierarchical changes to existing categories, changes to the names of parent classes or child categories, proposed introduction of new category terms (and the rationales for these) or proposed retirement of ICD-10 categories.

In the absence of rationales, it cannot be determined whether the disappearance of a category or group of categories is due to error or oversight by Advisory Group Managing Editors or others with editor level access, a temporary absence while a specific chapter section is being reorganized or whether these no longer displaying categories are intended to be subsumed under existing or new categories.

For example, a number of ICD-10 F45 and F48 Somatoform Disorder categories were removed from the Beta draft in early July with no explanation of intention.

Whilst ICD Revision invites interaction with the drafting process, the lack of clear intent on the part of Advisory Group editors and lack of response to requests for clarifications hinder submission of meaningful stakeholder comment and productive interaction with the process.

Caveats

When viewing the Beta draft, be mindful of the Caveats published by ICD Revision; the draft is in a state of flux.

The ICD-11 Beta drafting process is a work in progress over the next two to three years. The Beta draft is updated on a daily basis to reflect the work being carried out on the iCAT platform. Parent terms, category terms and sorting codes assigned to categories are subject to change as chapter reorganization progresses.

The Beta draft can be accessed here:

Beta draft Foundation Component (FC) view:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/f/en

Beta draft Linearization Morbity (LM) view:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/l-m/en

For definitions of Synonyms, Inclusions, Exclusions and ICD-11 terminology see the iCAT Glossary.

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Who are the stakeholders in ICD?

government service providers
policy makers and policy implementation agencies
health care professionals and practitioners
physician groups, especially primary care physicians
psychiatrists
psychologists
nurses
researchers and clinician academics
lay health care workers (who deliver most of the primary and mental health care in some developing countries)
social workers
patients (aka service users/consumers of health services), their families and carers
advocacy and disability rights organizations
health information managers and coders
health information technology workers
insurers

On its Facebook page, in June, ICD Revision put out a specific call for professionals with backgrounds in the following fields:

http://www.facebook.com/ICD11

Do you have a background in any of the following areas?

Medicine
Nursing
Midwifery
Dentistry
Pharmacy
Health information management (coding, medical records)
Environmental and occupational health and hygiene
Physiotherapy or Physical therapy
Nutrition
Social Sciences
Psychology
Social work and counseling
Epidemiology
Health Policy
Traditional and complementary medicine

WHO is asking experts from all over the world to sign up today to participate in the ICD revision.

www.who.int/classifications/icd11 

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How can stakeholders participate in the Beta process?

The public version of the Beta platform can be viewed without registration.

Professional stakeholders and others who register an interest are able to interact with the drafting process and have access to additional content.

Interested stakeholders can register here

Registered stakeholders are permitted to:

• Add comments on and read other stakeholder comments on concepts; title terms; synonyms; inclusion terms, exclusions and other Content Model parameter terms;
• Comment on whether a category is in the right place;
• Comment on whether the category is useful for Primary Care; Research; Clinical;
• Suggest definitions (with source for definition) for a disease or disorder and comment on already populated draft definitions;
• Make proposals to change ICD categories;
• Offer to participate in field trials (for professionals);
• Offer to assist in translating ICD into other languages

Comments left by registered stakeholders are not visible to non registered viewers. Comments cannot be edited or deleted and appear immediately.

Recent comments get aggregated here:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/Contributions/RecentComments

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PDFs of Print Versions for the ICD-11 Beta Morbidity Linearization

Registered users can download individual chapters or the full linearization using the links on this page. These PDF files are updated every few days to reflect the daily revisions to the drafting platform:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/l-m/en/Printables
 

For more information on how it is envisaged professional and lay stakeholders will interact with the drafting process see:

PowerPoint presentation slides in Posts #70 and #71:

ICD Revision Process Alpha Evaluation Meeting 11 – 14 April 2011: The Way Forward?

ICD Revision Process Alpha Evaluation Meeting documents and PowerPoint slide presentations

ICD-11 Revision Video invitation to participate here: Video invitation to participate

Press Release here announcing launch of Beta drafting platform. Further media coverage here

Specific call for comments from neurology professionals on The Lancet Neurology site here:

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(12)70125-4/fulltext

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Recently issued documents around the Beta drafting process

Frequently Asked Questions About ICD-11

ICD-11 Beta: Expectations, Concerns and Known Issues: Information for Beta Participants

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/betaexpectations/en/

ICD-11 Known Concerns and Criticisms: Known concerns about the ICD-11 Beta phase

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/icd11betaknownconcerns.pdf 

     ICD-11 Beta known concerns

ICD-11 Known Problems and Issues: General known issues

http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/revision/icd11knownissues.pdf 

     ICD-11 General known issues

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The ICD-11 Content Model

ICD Revision says that the most important difference between ICD-10 and ICD-11 will be the Content Model.

In ICD-10, other than Chapter V Mental and behavioral disorders, there are no definitions or other descriptive content associated with ICD categories – just hierarchical lists of diseases arranged by chapter and their ICD codes.

But content in ICD-11 is being populated in accordance with the Content Model Reference Guide and there will be the potential for considerably more content to be included for diseases, disorders and syndromes in ICD-11 than appears in ICD-10, across all chapters:

“Population of the Content Model and the subsequent review process will serve as the foundation for the creation of the ICD-11. The Content Model identifies the basic characteristics needed to define any ICD category through use of multiple parameters.”

The most recently published version of the Content Model Reference Guide is here:

Content Model Reference Guide January 2011  [MS Word]

There are currently 13 defined parameters in the content model to describe a category in ICD. All categories will have an ICD Entity Title, Classification Properties, Textual Definition, Terms and up to 13 parameters described.

Content Model Parameters

  • ICD Entity Title
  • Classification Properties
  • Textual Definitions
  • Terms
  • Body System/Structure Description
  • Temporal Properties
  • Severity of Subtypes Properties
  • Manifestation Properties
  • Causal Properties
  • Functioning Properties
  • Specific Condition Properties
  • Treatment Properties
  • Diagnostic Criteria

Some ICD-11 chapters are more advanced than others for reorganization of categories and population of proposed definitions and text for other parameters.

In setting itself the task of generating, peer reviewing, populating and approving this amount of detail across the entire ICD, one has to question how realistic a goal this is within current timeframes.

“Populating the Content Model is a critical task for the revision. Failure results in failure of delivery of ICD‑11.” [4]

It would not surprise me if at some point before the end of this year, ICD Revision Steering Group announces further delays for the Beta drafting and field trial stages and an extension to the projected dissemination date, or a scaling back of the project if completion of ICD-11 and its several, planned speciality publications, by 2016, is to be viable.

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Will ICD-11 be implemented worldwide from 2015/16?

ICD-10 is used in over 100 countries, worldwide. Assuming ICD-11 does meet it schedules, it may still take several years before countries currently using ICD-10 are ready to adopt ICD-11.

Several countries have been authorized by WHO to develop their own “Clinical Modification (CM)” of ICD. Canada uses an adaptation called ICD-10-CA, with a version published for 2009. Germany uses a version called ICD-10-GM. Australia (ICD-10-AM) and Thailand (ICD-10-TM) also use country specific modifications of ICD-10.

The US lags behind the rest of the world and is still using a CM version of ICD based on the ICD-9, which is long since retired by the WHO.

Instead of moving onto ICD-11, once this is completed, the US had scheduled implementation of a clinical modification of ICD-10 called ICD-10-CM, for October 1, 2013. ICD-10-CM has been in development for a considerable number of years.

On April 17, 2012 the Secretary of HHS issued a proposed rule to delay the compliance date for ICD-10-CM and ICD-10-PCS codes sets from October 1, 2013 to October 1, 2014, in order to allow more time for clinical practices and the coding industry to prepare for transitioning from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM.

The public comment period for the proposed rule to delay the compliance date is now closed and comments are in the process of being reviewed. A final rule has yet to be announced. Until a new compliance date has been ratified and the revised implementation date reached, codes in ICD-10-CM are not valid for any purpose or use but can be viewed for free on the CDC website together with other ICD-10-CM documentation.

The US might not anticipate moving on to a clinical modification of ICD-11 before 2020 and possibly later*.

*Source: DHSS Office of Secretary Final Rule document“We estimated that the earliest projected date to begin rulemaking for implementation of a U.S. clinical modification of ICD–11 would be the year 2020.”

WHO-FIC meeting materials suggest no earlier than 2018 for Canada. Australia is discussing earlier adoption of ICD-11 (or a CM of ICD-11).

Harmonization between ICD-11 and DSM-5

There is already a degree of correspondence between DSM-IV categories and Chapter V of ICD-10. For the next editions, the APA and WHO have committed as far as possible:

“To facilitate the achievement of the highest possible extent of uniformity and harmonization between ICD-11 mental and behavioural disorders and DSM-V disorders and their diagnostic criteria.”

with the objective that

“The WHO and APA should make all attempts to ensure that in their core versions, the category names, glossary descriptions and criteria are identical for ICD and DSM.”

WHO acknowledges that there may be areas where congruency may not be achievable.

With the timelines for DSM-5 and ICD-11 running out of synch (DSM-5 slated for publication in May 2013; ICD-11 still at the Beta drafting stage with a two year period scheduled for completion of its field trials), this may present barriers to harmonization.

In a June 2011 presentation to the International Congress of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, APA President, John M. Oldham, MD, MS, spoke of “Negotiations in progress to ‘harmonize’ DSM-5 with ICD-11 and to ‘retro-fit’ these codes into ICD-10-CM” and that DSM-5 would need “to include ICD-10-CM ‘F-codes’ in order to process all insurance claims beginning October 1, 2011.”

With the three systems: DSM-5 (publication date May 2013), ICD-10-CM (subject to partial code freeze since October 1, 2011 until 2014+ with new compliance date t.b.a.) and ICD-11 (dissemination scheduled for 2015+) set to become potentially more closely aligned, proposals for ICD-11 may have implications for US health care professionals and patient populations who might also consider themselves stakeholders in the ICD-11 development process.

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References and additional ICD-11 related links and documentation

According to documents [1] and [2], ICD-11 was originally planned for dissemination by 2012, with the timelines for revisions of ICD-10 and DSM-IV running more or less in parallel. By 2008, the completion date for ICD-11 had been extended to 2014. In December 2009, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) announced a shift in the publication date for DSM-5 to May 2013. APA News Release No. 09-65 

1] IUPsyS Mar 08 Agenda Item 25 ICD-10
International Union of Psychological Science COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ACTION, March 28–30, 2008, Agenda Item No. 25: Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) and Involvement of Psychology

2] Exhibit 1 WHO Letter Aug 07 
Letter Saxena, WHO, to Ritchie, IUPsyS (International Union for Psychological Science), August 2007
Source: http://www.apa.org/international/governance/cirp/s08agenda25-Exhibit1.pdf  

3] Pages 5-6: Report, WHO FIC Council conference call, 16 February 2011, PDF format

4] Closing remarks, PowerPoint presentation: “Proposal for the ICD Beta Platform”, Stanford team, 12.04.11, WHO, Geneva.

5] Key document: ICD Revision Project Plan version 2.1 9 July 2010

Key links

ICD-11 Beta drafting platform  |  Publicly viewable version

WHO ICD Revision  |  Main WHO website: Revision Steering Group and Topic Advisory Groups
ICD-11 Revision site  |  Revision resources [Google site currently unavailable]
ICD-11 Revision site Documents Page  |  Key revision documents and meeting materials  [Google site currently unavailable]

ICD-11 Revision Information  |
ICD-11 Timeline  |

ICD Information Sheet  |

Revision News  |
Steering Group  |
Topic Advisory Groups  |

ICD-11 YouTube Channel  |  Video reports
ICD-11 on Facebook  |
ICD-11 on Twitter  |
ICD-11 Blog  |  Not updated since October 2009

ICD-11 YouTubes collated on Dx Revision Watch ICD-11 YouTubes  |

WHO Publications

ICD-10 Tabular List online Version: 2010  |  International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision Version: 2010, Tabular List of inclusions and Chapter List

ICD-10 Volume 2: Instruction Manual  |  Volume 2 online Version: 2010 PDF Download

ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Diagnostic Criteria for Research  |  PDF download
ICD-10 for Mental and Behavioural Disorders Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines  |  PDF download

ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index  |  WHO does not make ICD-10 Volume 3: The Alphabetical Index available online

About the World Health Organization (WHO)

The WHO Family of International Classifications  

History of ICD

Changes to ICD-11 Beta drafting platform: Bodily Distress Disorders (1)

Changes to ICD-11 Beta drafting platform: Bodily Distress Disorders (1)

Post #190 Shortlink: http://wp.me/pKrrB-2jB


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This four page post is a revised version of content first published on July 2, 2012.

Information in this report relates to proposals for the World Health Organization’s forthcoming ICD-11, currently scheduled for pilot dissemination in 2015+; it does not relate to the existing ICD-10 or to the forthcoming US specific “clinical modification” of ICD-10, known as ICD-10-CM.

Caveat: The ICD-11 Beta drafting process is a work in progress over the next two to three years. The Beta draft is updated on a daily basis. Parent terms, category terms and sorting codes assigned to categories are subject to change as work on chapter reorganization progresses. Images and text in this posting may not reflect the most recently assigned categories and codes. This post reflects the Beta draft as it stood at July 24, 2012. Please also read the ICD-11 Beta Draft Caveats.

This report updates on recent changes to the Somatoform Disorders section of the ICD-11 Beta drafting platform. The Beta drafting platform can be accessed here:

Beta draft Foundation view:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/f/en

Beta draft Linearization view:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/l-m/en
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How do the Somatoform Disorders categories currently stand in ICD-10?

ICD-10 Tabular List Version: 2010 can be accessed here: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2010/en

ICD-10 Chapter V “Somatoform Disorders”

This is the section of ICD-10 that corresponds with the Somatoform Disorders section in DSM-IV. There is a degree of correspondence between current categories for this section of ICD-10 and for DSM-IV, as set out in the (simplified) table, below.

For clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines for ICD-10 Somatoform Disorders see Page 129 of the “Blue book”:

ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines: http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/bluebook.pdf

Current DSM-IV Codes and Categories for Somatoform Disorders and ICD-10 Chapter V Equivalents

[Ed: Neurasthenia is not categorized within DSM-IV.]

Source: Mayou R, Kirmayer LJ, Simon G, Kroenke K, Sharpe M: Somatoform disorders: time for a new approach in DSM-V. Am J Psychiat. 2005;162:847–855.
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This screenshot shows how the ICD-11 Beta draft had stood at June 24, 2012:

ICD-11 Beta Draft: Morbidity Linearization view


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For ICD-11 Beta draft, the proposal in June 2012 had been to rename ICD-10’s F45 Somatoform Disorders parent category to Bodily Distress Disorders.

Three new proposed terms: 9R0 Mild bodily distress disorder; 9R1 Moderate bodily distress disorder; 9R2 Severe bodily distress disorder were inserted above the 9R3 thru 9R8 legacy categories imported from ICD-10.

ID : http://who.int/icd#F45

05 Mental and behavioural disorders [Chapter V in ICD-10]

[…]

BODILY DISTRESS DISORDERS  [F45 Somatoform Disorders > F40-F48 Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders in ICD-10]

9R0 Mild bodily distress disorder  [New term to ICD]
9R1 Moderate bodily distress disorder   [New term to ICD]
9R2 Severe bodily distress disorder  [New term to ICD]
9R3 Somatization disorder  [F45.0 in ICD-10]
9R4 Undifferentiated somatoform disorder  [F45.1 in ICD-10]
9R5 Somatoform autonomic dysfunction   [F45.3 in ICD-10]
9R6 Persistent somatoform pain disorder  [F45.4 in ICD-10] 
    ›  9R6.1 Persistent somatoform pain disorder
      9R6.2 Chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors  [Not in ICD-10]
9R7 Other somatoform disorders  [F45.8 in ICD-10]
9R8 Somatoform disorder, unspecified  [F45.9 in ICD-10]

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Hypochondriacal disorder, coded at F45.2 in ICD-10, is currently renamed to Illness Anxiety Disorder for ICD-11 Beta draft and relocated under ANXIETY AND FEAR-RELATED DISORDERS:

http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd11/browse/l-m/en#/http%3a%2f%2fwho.int%2ficd%23F45.2

ID : http://who.int/icd#F45.2

9C5  ANXIETY AND FEAR-RELATED DISORDERS

      ›  9C5.6 Illness Anxiety Disorder

Continued on Page Two

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